Scientific Name
Cephalopholis leopardus  
Cephalopholis leopardus豹紋九棘鮨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1801) Depth 1 - 60M
Chinese 豹紋九棘鮨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish No 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 豹紋九棘鱸 
Max Length 24 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 豹紋鱠、過魚、石斑 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Indo-Pacific Ocean 
Synonyms Cephalopholis leoparda, Epinephelus leopardus, Epinephelus urodelops, Labrus leopardus, Serranus homfrayi, Serranus leopardus, Serranus spilurus   
Reference Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0057496. ASIZP0074822. ASIZP0916899. BPBMI23401. NMMBP06276.  
Common Name Red-spotted rock-cod; Red-spotted rockcod; Tawny grouper; Leopard rockcod; Leopard hind; Leopard cod; Leopard grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with IX spines and 13 to 15 rays; anal fin with III spines and 9 or 10 rays: pectoral-fin rays 16 to 18; pectoral-fin length contained 1.4 to 1.6 times in head length; pelvic fins not reaching anus, their length contained 2.0 to 2.3 times in head length; caudal fin well rounded. Body scales ctenoid, no auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 47 to 50; lateral-scale series 79 to 88.
habitats Well-developed coral reefs in depths of 3 to 38 m. Morgans (1982) reported crustacean remains in the two specimens containing food that he examined. Like most small groupers, this is a secretive species, which is usually hiding in caves and crevices in th 
Distribution Western Indian Ocean to the central Pacific, including east African coast from Kenya to about 15ºS, most islands of the Indian Ocean, Viet Nam, Indonesia, Philippines, Taiwan, Okinawa, Papua New Guinea, northern Australia, and most islands of the wes 
Utility Too rare to be commercial fisheries. Sometimes caught by fishing.