Scientific Name
Chaetodon lunula  
Chaetodon lunula月斑蝴蝶魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1802) Depth 1 - 30M
Chinese 月斑蝴蝶魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 蝴蝶魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F393 Chaetodontidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 新月蝴蝶魚 
Max Length 23 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 月眉蝶、月鯛、蝶仔(臺東)、紅司公(澎湖)、虱鬢(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Sea of Indies 
Synonyms Chaetodon biocellatus, Chaetodon iunula, Chaetodon luluna, Chaetodon lunulatus, Pomacentrus lunula, Tetragonoptrus biocellatus, Tetragonoptrus fasciatus, Tetragonoptrus lunula   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Lacepede, B. G. E. 1802 Randall, J. E. etc. 1981 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055074. ASIZP0057035. ASIZP0057104. ASIZP0057773. ASIZP0058143. ASIZP0059369. ASIZP0071193. ASIZP0071223. FRIP20172. FRIP21196. FRIP21554. FRIP22348. NMMBP00834. NMMBP00880. NMMBP00883. NMMBP00886. NMMBP00976. NMMBP03032. NMMBP04574. NMMBP04575. NMMBP04576. NMMBP05701. NMMSTP00188. NTOUP200712-053. NTOUP200712-077. NTUM00210. NTUM00219. NTUM00223. NTUM00233. NTUM00266. NTUM00271. NTUM00272. NTUM00273. NTUM00275. NTUM00276. NTUM00277. NTUM00278. ...List all 51 records... 
Common Name Racoon; Racoon coralfish; Raccoon butterflyfish; Raccoon butterfly; Racoon butterflyfish; Redstriped butterflyfish; Moon butterfly fish; Halfmoon butterflyfish; Moon butterflyfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body oval, deep, strongly compressed. Head length roughly equal to head height; preopercle smooth, without prominent spines. Snout short. Small protractile mouth with brush-like teeth in the jaws. Dorsal fin with XI to XIII spines, no notch between spinous and soft dorsal fin; and 22 to 25 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 17 to 19 soft rays; pectoral fins transparent with 15 or 16 soft rays; pelvic fins with I stout spine and 5 branched rays; caudal fin rounded. Body golden yellow becoming brown on upper half of sides; a series of oblique redding brown bands, most evident on lower half of body; a curved, broad, yellow-edged black band from rear edge of upper part head to base of middle dorsal spines; a large black spot across caudal peduncle; a prominent black bar through eye with a white bar just behind it.
habitats A nocturnal species that is usually in pairs or small groups in shallow reef flats of lagoon and seaward reefs at depths of 1 to 60 m. Juveniles occur among rocks of inner reef flats and in tide pools. Adults feed mainly on nudibranchs, tubeworm tentacles 
Distribution Commonly distributed in tropical and subtropical coastal waters of Indo-West Pacific from East Africa to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe and Rapa Islands; throughout Micronesia. Southeast Atlantic: E 
Utility Marine aquarium fish.