Scientific Name
Coryphaena hippurus  
Coryphaena hippurus鬼頭刀
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Linnaeus, 1758 Depth 0 - 85M
Chinese 鬼頭刀 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鱰科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F361 Coryphaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鯕鰍 
Max Length 210 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 鱰魚、萬魚、飛烏虎、鬼頭刀(臺東)、鱰、萬引、扁頭刀(澎湖)、九萬仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Ocean、Coastal  Holotype Locality Open ocean 
Synonyms Coriphaena hippurus, Corypaena hippurua, Coryphaena argyrurus, Coryphaena chrysurus, Coryphaena dolfyn, Coryphaena dorado, Coryphaena fasciolata, Coryphaena hipporus, Coryphaena hyppurus, Coryphaena immaculata, Coryphaena imperialis, Coryphaena japonica, Coryphaena margravii ...all 22..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  A. Earl Murchison etc. 1966 Potthoff, T. 1980 Palko, B.J. etc. 1982 朱元鼎 編 1984 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Ditty, J.G. etc. 1994 
Specimen List ASIZP0054433. ASIZP0058463. ASIZP0060598. ASIZP0062501. ASIZP0062720. ASIZP0069426. ASIZP0071313. ASIZP0071341. ASIZP0071513. ASIZP0073411. ASIZP0073497. ASIZP0073597. ASIZP0074537. ASIZP0076081. ASIZP0078470. ASIZP0078471. ASIZP0078472. ASIZP0078473. ASIZP0078474. ASIZP0078475. ASIZP0078476. ASIZP0078477. ASIZP0078503. ASIZP0078554. ASIZP0078555. ASIZP0078582. ASIZP0078604. ASIZP0078607. ASIZP0078608. ASIZP0078619. ASIZP0078620. ASIZP0078703. ASIZP0078704. ASIZP0078705. ASIZP0078706. ASIZP0078707. ASIZP0078733. ...List all 70 records... 
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% ,,CO1,100%
Common Name Common dolphifish; Dolphinfish; Dolphin fish; Common dolphin; Dolphin; Dorado; Common dolphinfish; Common dolphin fish; Mahimahi; Green dolphin; Mahi-mahi; Mahi mahi 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic The body is elongated and compressed with small cycloid scales. It has a long dorsal fin that stretches from their nape to a fork tail. The greatest body depth in adults is less than 25% standard length. The anal fin is concave and the pectoral fin is more than half the length of the head. The tooth patch on the tongue is small and oval. In juveniles only the tips of the caudal fins are white and the pelvic fins are black. Mature males posses a prominent bony crest in front of the head. This species is This fish may be one of the most colorful fish usually metallic blue-green above and silver with a golden sheen on the sides. These bright colors are quickly lost when the fish dies after being boated.
habitats Found in open waters but also near the coast. Forms schools. Feeds on almost all forms of fish and zooplankton; also takes crustaceans and squid. Sexual maturity is reached in 4-5 months (3 for captive fish). Spawns in the open sea and probably approximat 
Distribution The common dolphinfish is highly migratory species, widely distributed in the tropical and temperate waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. It is occasionally found in estuaries and harbors, generally restricted by the 20℃ isotherm. 
Utility The common dolphinfish is sought after by human cultures because of their firm meat and delicate flavor. The dolphinfish support commercial and sportfishing industries worldwide.