Scientific Name
Dactyloptena orientalis  
Dactyloptena orientalis東方飛角魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1829) Depth 10 - 100M
Chinese 東方飛角魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 飛角魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F303 Dactylopteridae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 東方豹魴鮄 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 東方豹魴鮄、飛角魚、紅飛魚、雞角、海胡蠅、番雞公、飛角(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality [Mer des Indes] Coromandel coast, India, eastern Indian Ocean 
Synonyms Cephalacanthus spinarella, Corystion orientale, Corystion orientalis, Corystion volitans, Dactylopterus cheirophthalmus, Dactylopterus japonicus, Dactylopterus orientalis, Ebisinus procne   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055475. ASIZP0057465. ASIZP0058563. ASIZP0059457. ASIZP0059458. ASIZP0059822. ASIZP0060622. ASIZP0064874. ASIZP0064962. ASIZP0069771. ASIZP0800044. ASIZP0800045. ASIZP0803244. ASIZP0910044. ASIZP0910045. ASIZP0913244. FRIP00335. FRIP00336. FRIP00337. FRIP03143. FRIP21265. FRIP21483. NMMBP00652. NMMBP00966. NMMBP01874. NMMBP02806. NMMBP03039. NMMBP04327. NMMBP04331. NMMBP04332. NMMBP08729. NMMBP08868. NMMSTP00996. NMNSF01616. NTMP0165. NTMP0336. NTMP0726. ...List all 46 records... 
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2011-05-31,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Oriental flying gurnard; Purple flying-gurnard; Sea robin; Brown flying gurnard; Common helmet gurnard; Helmet gurnard; Flying gurnard 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately elongate. Head broad, blunt, depressed anteriorly, with a prominent keeled spine extending posteriorly from the nape to below second spine of continuous spinous part of dorsal fin. Angle of preopercle with a long, prominent spine. Eyes large; interorbit moderately concave. Mouth small, subterminal, and protractile. Upper jaw largely obscured by bones surrounding eye. Minute teeth present on jaws, vomer, and palatines. Anterior 2 dorsal-fin spines separated from remainder of spinous dorsal fin, the first spine elongate, the second short; continuous part of spinous dorsal fin with V spines, followed by I short spinous point and the soft dorsal fin with 8 rays; anal fin with 6 or 7 soft rays; caudal fin elongate in adults; base of pectoral fins horizontal, the fins divided into 2 sections, a short anterior part with 5 rays, and a long posterior section with 27 to 30 rays. Scales strong, each with a distinct ridge. Large scute-like scales posteriorly on caudal peduncle. Scales in about 45 to 47 rows. Lateral line absent or greatly obscured. Colour: variable, usually yellowish brown above, lighter brown below; small orange spots over top of head and back; dusky, golden spots on pectoral fins; 4 golden bands on caudal fin; a yellow band along upper part of spinous dorsal fin.
habitats Inhabits coastal waters with sandy substrates; a shallow-living species, benthic in adults. Solitary, well-camouflaged and slow-moving. Feeds on crustaceans, clams, and small fish. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia and New Zealand. It is a common species in Taiwan except eastern part. 
Utility No commercial value.