Scientific Name
Diagramma pictum  
Diagramma pictum密點少棘胡椒鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Thunberg, 1792) Depth 1 - 170M
Chinese 密點少棘胡椒鯛 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 石鱸科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F374 Haemulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 密點少棘胡椒鯛(胡椒鯛) 
Max Length 100 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 雞仔魚、加志、少棘石鱸、圭誌(澎湖)、烏嘉誌(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Diagramma picta, Diagramma pictus, Perca picta, Plectorhinchus pictus, Plectorhynchus pictus, Plectorrhinchus pictum, Spilotichthys pictus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  朱元鼎 編 1985 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List AMNH90078. ASIZP0054190. ASIZP0055342. ASIZP0055581. ASIZP0055612. ASIZP0055730. ASIZP0060413. ASIZP0061845. ASIZP0061846. ASIZP0061977. ASIZP0067366. ASIZP0067375. ASIZP0067488. ASIZP0070240. ASIZP0070792. ASIZP0071084. ASIZP0078808. ASIZP0802727. ASIZP0802728. ASIZP0802729. ASIZP0804229. ASIZP0900229. ASIZP0900230. ASIZP0900450. ASIZP0912727. ASIZP0912728. ASIZP0912729. ASIZP0914229. ASIZP0916852. CAS28196. FRIP00862. FRIP00865. FRIP00867. FRIP01288. FRIP20555. NMMSTP00254. NTMP0268. ...List all 42 records... 
Barcode2012-01-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2008-08-05,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,張家豪,CO1,92%
Common Name Sailfin rubberlip; Painted sweetlips; Painted sweetlip; Pointed sweet lip; Slatey sweetlips; Sweetlip 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX-X, 21-26; anal-fin rays III, 7-8; pectoral-fin rays16-17. Body depth 2.6 to 2.7 times in standard length. Species of Diagramma differ from Plectorhinchus by having a much longer and narrower caudal peduncle and fewer dorsal fin spines. Juveniles yellow or white with broad black stripes and anterior part of dorsal fin tail. Adults become plain grey or spotted.
habitats Typically found on open muddy or silty substrates in protected bays or estuaries. Also in shallow coastal areas and coral reefs. Juveniles are found in weedy areas. Feed on benthic invertebrates and fishes. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Japan, south to New Caledonia. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Penghu, North, North-East. 
Utility Commercial fishery species.