Scientific Name
Elops machnata  
Elops machnata海鰱
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 1 - 30M
Chinese 海鰱 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 海鰱科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F069 Elopidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 海鰱 
Max Length 118 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 夏威夷海鰱、瀾槽、四破、海鰱(臺東)、竹篙頭(台東)、瀾槽(澎湖)、竹梭(澎湖)、爛土梭(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea 
Synonyms Argentina machnata, Elops capensis, Elops hawaiensis, Elops indicus, Elops purpurascens, Elops saurus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Jordan & Evermann, 1902: 327  Forsskål, P. 1775 Robert W. Hiatt 1947 Fraser, T.H. 1973 Tzeng, W. N. etc. 1986 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0060423. ASIZP0064777. ASIZP0070131. ASIZP0071151. ASIZP0072054. ASIZP0072837. ASIZP0072838. ASIZP0075511. ASIZP0075517. ASIZP0075523. ASIZP0075530. ASIZP0075549. ASIZP0075586. ASIZP0075590. ASIZP0075591. ASIZP0075601. ASIZP0075610. ASIZP0075801. ASIZP0075902. ASIZP0075914. ASIZP0076425. ASIZP0076471. ASIZP0076475. ASIZP0076487. ASIZP0076501. ASIZP0076534. ASIZP0076604. ASIZP0076640. ASIZP0076856. ASIZP0076876. ASIZP0076909. ASIZP0076935. ASIZP0076953. ASIZP0077014. ASIZP0077034. ASIZP0077052. ASIZP0077081. NTUM00091Holotype. ...List all 81 records... 
Barcode2012-01-02,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,98% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2016-01-28,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name River skipjack; Tempounder; Tenpounder; Springer; Whole sardine; Ten pounder; Big-eye giant herring; Big-eye herring; Bony fish; Ladyfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, fusiform, moderately compressed. Eye large. Mouth large, gape ending behind posterior margin of eye; mouth terminal, teeth on jaws villiform. All fins without spines; dorsal fin begins slightly behind midbody, with about 20-27 rays; anal fin short, with approximately 14 to 18 rays, begins well behind base of dorsal fin; caudal fin deeply forked. Scales very small, approximately 94-97 in lateral line. Blue or greenish grey above, silvery on sides; fins sometimes with a faint yellow tinge.
habitats Occurs in coastal waters, but enters lagoons and estuaries. Probably spawn at sea, but the transparent larvae migrate to inshore areas and are often found in brackish water. It has a leptocephalus larva. feeds on various fishes and crustaceans. 
Distribution Distributed in Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea to Mossel Bay, South Africa and east to India and western Pacific. It is found around Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh or frozen; in some places ground up as fish meal. A good sport fish.