Scientific Name
Encrasicholina punctifer  
Encrasicholina punctifer銀灰半稜鯷
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Fowler, 1938 Depth 0 - 30M
Chinese 銀灰半稜鯷 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯷科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F095 Engraulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 銀灰半稜鯷 
Max Length 13 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 魩仔、白鱙、刺公鯷 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Ocean、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Fare Bay, Huaheine Island, Society Islands [French Polynesia, South Pacific] 
Synonyms Anchoviella zollingeri, Stolephorus buccaneeri, Stolephorus buccaneri, Stolephorus punctifer, Stolephorus zolengeri, Stolephorus zollingeri   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Fowler, H. W. 1938 Whitehead, P. J. P., G. J. Nelson etc. 1988 高翠萍 1992 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List AMNH43478. ASIZP0062651. ASIZP0074366. ASIZP0074710. ASIZP0074936. ASIZP0075354. ASIZP0075380. ASIZP0075381. ASIZP0075503. ASIZP0075509. ASIZP0075516. ASIZP0075609. ASIZP0075849. ASIZP0075856. ASIZP0075857. ASIZP0075858. ASIZP0075860. ASIZP0075861. ASIZP0075862. ASIZP0075895. ASIZP0075896. ASIZP0075897. ASIZP0075898. ASIZP0075907. ASIZP0075927. ASIZP0075928. ASIZP0075958. ASIZP0075970. ASIZP0076080. ASIZP0076199. ASIZP0076200. ASIZP0076307. ASIZP0076308. ASIZP0076365. ASIZP0076376. ASIZP0076396. ASIZP0076421. ...List all 94 records... 
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Oceanic anchovy; Buccaneer anchovy; Anchovy 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body nearly cylindrical, abdomen rounded, with 3 to 6 (usually 4 or 5, rarely 2 or 7) sharp needle-like pre-pelvic scutes. Maxilla tip blunt, scarcely projecting beyond second supra-maxilla, not reaching to front border of pre-operculum. Isthmus short, preceded by small fleshy plate on urohyal between branchial membranes. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch usually 23 to 26. Unbranched dorsal and anal-fin rays iii; anal fin short, with usually 13 or 14 branched fin rays, its origin posterior to vertical through base of posteriormost dorsal-fin ray. Scales moderate, about 39 to 43 in lateral series. Body pale cream (when scales lost), with a bright silver lateral stripe along flanks.
habitats A schooling species found inshore and in oceanic waters, hundreds of miles from land. Sometimes entering large atoll lagoons or deep, clear bays. 
Distribution Very widespread in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific, from Red Sea and Persian Gulf south to perhaps Durban in South Africa, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, and probably Burma. Also from southern Japan to China, Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia  
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, or made into fish meal, fish sauce, or fish balls.