Scientific Name
Epinephelus bruneus  
Epinephelus bruneus褐帶石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Bloch, 1793 Depth 20 - 150M
Chinese 褐帶石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish No 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 褐帶石斑魚 
Max Length 136 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、土鱠、土溝龍、油斑、泥斑(香港) 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Probably China 
Synonyms Cephalopholis moara, Epinephelus brunneus, Epinephelus moara, Serranus moara   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0055169. ASIZP0058163. FRIP21873. NMMBP01209. NMMBP04330. NMMBP04333. NMMBP04340. NMMBP04343. NMMBP04389. NMMBP04751. NMMBP04752. NTMP0259. NTUM02326. NTUM08260. NTUM08302. NTUM08303. NTUM08304. NTUM08305. NTUM08306. NTUM08307. NTUM08308. NTUM08338. NTUM08339. RUSI28213.  
Common Name Mud grouper; Kelp grouper; Longtooth grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist   IUCN Group  
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 13 to 15 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, but shorter than the longest ray, the interspinous membranes deeply incised; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral-fin rays 17 to 19; pectoral-fin length contained 1.9 to 2.5 times in head length; pelvic-fin length contained 2.2 to 2.6 times in head length and ending well short of anus; caudal fin rounded. Midlateral-body scales ctenoid; no auxiliary scales on body; lateral-line scales 64 to 72; some anterior lateral-line scales on adults with branched tubes; lateral-scale series 93 to 126.
habitats Inhabits rocky reefs; also found on muddy grounds. Juveniles occur in shallow waters. Commercially cultured in Japan 
Distribution Northwest Pacific: Korea, Japan (north to Hegura-jima Island), China (south to Hong Kong and Hainan Island), and Taiwan. 
Utility It has commercial purpose in fisheries and aquaculture and also one of gamefish speceis.