Scientific Name
Epinephelus melanostigma  
Epinephelus melanostigma黑點石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Schultz, 1953 Depth 1 - 375M
Chinese 黑點石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish No 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑斑石斑魚 
Max Length 33 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Samoa 
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Schultz, L.P. 1953 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0055319. ASIZP0057325. ASIZP0059547. ASIZP0063429. ASIZP0063466. ASIZP0074958. ASIZP0806505. ASIZP0916505. MTP0034. NMMBP02331. NMMBP02490. NMMBP03207. NMMBP04950. NMMBP04957. NMMBP04961. NMMSTP00217. NTUM08328. NTUM08329. NTUM08330. NTUM08331. NTUM08332. NTUM08373. RUSI28218. USNM00272346. USNM00292723.  
Common Name Sea bass; One-blotch grouper; One-blotch rockcod; Blackspot honeycomb grouper; Blackspot grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 14 to 16 rays, the third to tenth spines subequal, the fourth spine 2.8 to 3.8 times in head length, the interspinous membranes incised; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays, the second spine less than or subequal to third spine, length of second spine contained 2.6 to 3.6 times in head length and usually less than depth of caudal peduncle; pectoral-fin rays 17 to 19; pectoral-fin length contained 1.6 to 2.2 times in head length; pelvic-fin length 2.0 to 2.6 times in head length; caudal-peduncle depth contained 3.2 to 3.8 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, with numerous auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 56 to 68; lateral-scale series 83 to 99.
habitats Occur in outer reef flats and shallow lagoon. Reported to be taken in a trawl, thus presumably caught somewhat deeper than 7 m. Also reported to occur in reefs at a depth of about 30 m. Because of its small size and apparent rarity, it is of little or no  
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Natal, South Africa to the central Pacific. Not known from the Red Sea nor Persian Gulf. 
Utility No commercial importance.