Scientific Name
Epinephelus tauvina  
Epinephelus tauvina鱸滑石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 1 - 120M
Chinese 鱸滑石斑魚 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 巨石斑魚 
Max Length 107 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、虎麻 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、North、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Jeddah, Red Sea 
Synonyms Cephalopholis tauvina, Epinephalus tauvina, Epinephelus chewa, Epinephelus elongatus, Epinephelus megachir, Epinephelus salmoides, Holocentrus pantherinus, Perca tauvina, Serranus goldiei, Serranus jansenii, Serranus pantherinus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List AMNH90073. ASIZP0055082. ASIZP0055272. ASIZP0061906. ASIZP0063430. ASIZP0074891. BPBMI22746. FRIP00599. FRIP21063. FRIP21688. NMMBP00701. NMMBP00708. NMMBP00711. NMMBP01103. NMMBP04472. NMMBP04623. NMMBP04624. NMMSTP00182. NTMP0561. NTMP0826. NTMP1230. NTUM02062. NTUM08333. NTUM08334. NTUM08340. SU7276. SU7916. SU7983. USNM00272347.  
Common Name Reef cod; Spotted sea bass; Spotted grouper; Cod; Greasy grouper; Green grouper; Giant grouper; Greasy rockcod; Estuary rock-cod; Grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 13 to 16 rays, the third to fifth spines longest, their length contained 3.1 to 4.7 times in head length and distinctly shorter than longest dorsal-fin rays; interspinous dorsal-fin membranes incised: anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral-fin rays 18 to 19, pectoral-fin length contained 1.7 to 2.4 times and pelvic-fin length contained 2.2 to 2.8 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Midlateral-body scales ctenoid in juveniles; scales smooth in adults, except for small patch covered by pectoral fin; lateral-line scales 63 to 74; lateral-scale series 95 to 112. Pyloric caeca 16 to 18.
habitats E. tauvina prefers clear water areas on coral reefs; juveniles have been taken on reef flats and in tidepools, but adults are found in deeper water (to 50 m). Randall (1980a) found that adults from Oceania were almost exclusively piscivorous; only  
Distribution E. tauvina occurs from the Red Sea to South Africa and eastward to Ducie in the Pitcairn Group, the easternmost atoll of Oceania; in the western Pacific it ranges from Japan to New South Wales and Lord Howe Island. 
Utility Where it is abundant E. tauvina is certainly of importance to artisanal fisheries, but separate statistics for this species are not available.