Scientific Name
Eurypegasus draconis  
Eurypegasus draconis寬海蛾魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Linnaeus, 1766) Depth 3 - 90M
Chinese 寬海蛾魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 海蛾魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F293 Pegasidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 寬海蛾魚(龍海蛾魚) 
Max Length 10 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 海蛾魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、Lagoon、
Holotype Locality India [Indonesia] 
Synonyms Cataphractus draco, Europegasus draconis, Le Dragon, Le pégasé volant, Pegassus draco, Pegasus draco, Pegasus draconis, Pegasus latirostris, Pegasus pauciradiatus, Pegasus umitengu, Pegasus volans, Pegasus volitans, Surypegasus draconis ...all 15..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2004);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0057459. ASIZP0080111. NMMBP05611.  
Common Name Short dragonfish; Short seamoth; Seamoth; Dwarf seamoth; Dragonfish 
Redlist Status DD IUCN Redlist: Data deficient(DD)  1996-08-01   
Characteristic Body depressed, completely encased in fused dermal plates: 3 pairs of dorsolateral body plates; 4 pairs of ventrolateral body plates; tail rings 8 or 9, mobile. A pair of deep pits posterior to orbit. Suborbital shelf concave, eye visible in ventral view. Ventral ridges of rostrum greatly expanded than dorsal ridges, each with laterally directed denticles. Anal papilla absent. Spinous dorsal fin absent; soft dorsal and anal fins each with 5 rays, placed posteriorly on body; pectoral fins large, wing-like, inserted horizontally, composed of 9 to 12 unbranched soft rays; pectoral-fin rays interconnected by broad, transparent membranes; pelvic fin spine and 1st ray forming an elongate, tentacular structure. Color in life variable; body usually light to dark brown, with dorsal and lateral area darker than ventral surface. Pectoral fins hyaline, distal margin white and spotted.
habitats Inhabit lagoons often among algal or seagrass beds. Found on sand or silt bottoms, frequently in bays or estuaries. They are opportunistic feeders that collect mainly epifaunal and interstitial invertebrate prey, e.g., crustaceans and worms from the sedim 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and South Africa to Marquesan and Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and Lord Howe Island; throughout Micronesia. It is found in northeastern and western Taiwanese waters. 
Utility No commercial value.