Scientific Name
Gnathanodon speciosus  
Gnathanodon speciosus無齒鰺
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 無齒鰺 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰺科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F364 Carangidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黃鸝無齒鰺 
Max Length 110 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 虎斑瓜、甘仔魚(臺東)、黃鯌(澎湖)、花燒鯌(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Caranx cives, Caranx edentulus, Caranx panamensis, Caranx speciosus, Gnathandon speciosus, Gnathanodon specious, Gnathodon speciosus, Gnathonodon speciosus, Scomber speciosus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Lin & Shao(1999)  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Lin, P. L. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0055599. ASIZP0056687. ASIZP0056850. ASIZP0057533. ASIZP0058808. ASIZP0059529. FRIP03165. NMMBP04878. NMMBP04879. NMMSTP01026. NTMP0427. NTUM02199. NTUM06824.  
Common Name Trevally; Yellow jack fish; Yellow ulua; Golden trevally; King fish; Golden jack; Golden toothless trevally; Golden trevally; Golden horsmackerel; Golden kingfish; Golden fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. VIII, I+19-20; A. II, I+16-17; P. i+19-20; G.R. 7-8+18-21; CLS. 62-73; SLS. 15-27 scales, 18-25 scutes; vertebrate 10+14. Adipose eyelid feebly developed. Maxilla extends to below anterior margin of eye. Teethless on jaws, vomer, palatines and tongue, only a few feeble teeth on low jaw in smaller specimen. Breast completely scaled. Finlets none. Juveniles and young adults silvery to yellow with 7 to 11 black bands, usually alternating broad and narrow; the first band oblique through eye, the second crossing back and opercle; upper margin of opercle black; all fins yellow, tips of caudal-fin lobes black; dark opercular spot also fades with age and body becomes yellow-green dorsally, pale yellow below.
habitats Found inshore, including rocky reefs, deep lagoons, and seaward reefs. A bottom feeder that uses its highly protractile mouth to root the sand and small crevices for crustaceans, molluscs, and small fishes. Young display “piloting” habits with sharks and  
Distribution Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific. It is occasional in all Taiwanese watwrs but mainly in the southern part. 
Utility Marketed fresh and salted or dried. Juveniles are used in the aquarium trade.