Scientific Name
Gymnura zonura
Gymnura zonura菱燕魟
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1852) Depth - M
Chinese 菱燕魟 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 燕魟科 Economic Fish No 
Family F057 Gymnuridae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 條尾燕魟 
Max Length 48 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 魴仔 
Distribution in World   Distribution in Taiwan West 
Habitats   Holotype Locality Jakarta [Batavia], Java, Indonesia 
Synonyms Aetoplatea zonura, Aetoplatea zonurus, Gymnura zonurus, Pteroplatea zonura   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣產土魟科魚類之系統分類研究(張弘俊,1985)  
Specimen List ASIZP0054805. ASIZP0059923. ASIZP0060302. ASIZP0060918. ASIZP0063683. ASIZP0066505. ASIZP0073598. ASIZP0078406. ASIZP0078407. ASIZP0080866. ASIZP0801359. ASIZP0806147. ASIZP0807165. ASIZP0807166. ASIZP0807737. ASIZP0900292. ASIZP0900489. ASIZP0911359. ASIZP0916147. ASIZP0917165. ASIZP0917166. ASIZP0917737. FRIP21701. FRIP22374. NMMBP01261. NMMBP06291. NMMSTP00547. NTUM06676.  
Barcode2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Zonetail butterfly ray 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Disc very broad, twice as wide as long, Head very broad and flattened. Snout blunt, short, with a small prominence at end of snout. Eyes small, 2.5 in snout. Spiracles larger than eyes, close behind it. No tentacle behind the spiracles. Mouth side, waved. Teeth small, similar in both jaws. Nostrils large, oblique; nasal flap nearly straight, barely fringed. One small dorsal fin, small, rounded, before the serrated spine. Tail small, short, with low cutaneous fold on under surface of tail. Specimen in formalin black brown on the back with numerous minute rounded, oblong, irregular blackish dots; lower surface white. Tail with row of large longitudinally oval blackish spots above, white below.
habitats Found inshore and offshore. Ovoviviparous. 
Distribution Singapore, Batavia, East Indies, Taiwan.