Scientific Name
Hemiramphus far  
Hemiramphus far斑鱵
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 0 - 30M
Chinese 斑鱵 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鱵科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F254 Hemiramphidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 斑鱵 
Max Length 45 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 補網師、水針、莎優莉、簪針(澎湖)、七星針(南部) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea 
Synonyms Esox far, Esox gladius, Esox marginatus far, Hemiramphus commersonii, Hemiramphus mocquardianus, Hemirhamphus commersonii, Hemirhamphus far, Hemirhamphus marginatus, Hemirhamphus obesus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0058462. ASIZP0059750. ASIZP0060104. ASIZP0060567. ASIZP0060967. ASIZP0065162. ASIZP0065163. ASIZP0065164. ASIZP0078305. ASIZP0078306. ASIZP0078307. ASIZP0700192. ASIZP0800851. ASIZP0800852. ASIZP0800853. ASIZP0807191. ASIZP0807192. ASIZP0807193. ASIZP0900009. ASIZP0900010. ASIZP0910851. ASIZP0910852. ASIZP0910853. ASIZP0917191. ASIZP0917192. ASIZP0917193. NMMBP05056. NMMBP05057. NMMSTP00323. NTMP0738. NTUM06378. NTUM06675. SU7560. USNM00076601.  
Barcode2008-03-25,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Spotted halfbeak; Barred garfish; Black barred garfish; Blackbarred halfbeak; Black-barred halfbeak; Black-barred garfish; Barred halfbeak; Halfbeak 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate and compressed, with greatly prolonged, beak-like lower jaw; upper jaw short, triangular and scaleless; preorbital ridge absent. Total number of gill rakers on first gill arch 25 to 36; 6 to 10 on upper and 19 to 26 on lower limb of arch. Dorsal fin with well-developed anterior lobe; dorsal-fin rays 12 to 14; anal-fin rays 10 to 12; pectoral fins short, not reaching past nasal pit when folded forward and with 11 to 13 rays; caudal fin deeply forked, lower lobe much longer than upper. Dorsal side of snout without scales; predorsal scales 32 to 39. Body dark bluish above, silvery white below, with 4 to 9 vertical bars on sides; beak dark, with a bright red fleshy tip.
habitats Occur in coastal waters of high islands and continental shorelines; generally in areas rich in vegetation and sand flats. Form schools. Adults feed mainly on sea grasses, to a lesser extent on green algae and diatoms. Breed in estuaries. 
Distribution Widely distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Migrated to the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal. It is a common species 
Utility Marketed fresh and dried salted; meat tasty.