Scientific Name
Hippocampus histrix  
Hippocampus histrix刺海馬
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Kaup, 1856 Depth 0 - 82M
Chinese 刺海馬 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 海龍科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F295 Syngnathidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 刺海馬 
Max Length 17 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 海馬 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Hippocamphus hystrix, Hippocampus guttulatus, Hippocampus hystrix, Hippocampus ramulosus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2005);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999) 
Specimen List ASIZP0055667. ASIZP0073316. ASIZP0805791. ASIZP0915791. NMMSTP00981. NTMP1160. NTUM04214.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Seahorse; Thorny seahorse; Spiny Seahorse; Longspine seahorse 
Redlist Status DD IUCN Redlist: Data deficient(DD)  2002-01-01  CITES Appendix 2 CITES Appendix 2 
Characteristic Rings: 11 + 35 (34-37). Snout length: 1.7-2.0 in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17 (15-18) covering 2+1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 18 (17-20). Coronet: medium, with four or five very long, very sharp spines. Spines: extremely long and sharp; all spines well-developed. Other distinctive characters: very long snout (more than 1/2 head length); single cheek spine; dorsal fin base very short; always has at least as many pectoral as dorsal fin rays (whereas most species have more dorsal fin rays); sharp ventral keel; prominent spine in front of coronet. Color pattern: base color variable, including pale pink, yellow or green; spines often dark tipped; may have pale "saddles", often filled with small dark spots, across dorsolateral surfaces; snout not striped.
habitats A rare inhabitant of shallow sheltered reefs, found among clumps of algae or in seagrass beds. Large adults are pelagic and probably associated with drifting debris. Associated with sponges and sea-squirts. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Tanzania and South Africa to Hawaii and Tahiti, north to Japan, south to New Caledonia. Reported from the Arafura Sea. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Use in traditional Chinese medicine is increasing with the rise in patent medicines. Not common in the aquarium trade. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04).