Scientific Name
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix  
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix鰱
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1844) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鰱 
Max Length 105 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 竹葉鰱、白鰱、白葉仔、鰱仔 
Distribution in World China   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、HenChun Semiiland 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality China 
Synonyms Abramocephalus microlepis, Cephalus mantschuricus, Hypophthalmichthys dabry, Hypophthalmichthys dabryi, Hypophthalmichthys dabryi, Hypophthalmichthys dybowskii, Hypopthalmichthys molitrix, Hypothalmichthys molitrix, Hypothamicthys molitrix, Leuciscus hypophthalmus, Leuciscus molitrix, Onychodon mantschuricus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  Tang, Y.A. 唐允安 1954 Tang, Y.A. 1960 Liu, F.H. etc. 1963 Tang, Y.A. 1963 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0058455. ASIZP0061369. ASIZP0070804. ASIZP0075215. ASIZP0075216. ASIZP0075217. ASIZP0806691. ASIZP0806692. ASIZP0806693. ASIZP0916691. ASIZP0916692. ASIZP0916693. FRIP00563. FRIP00564. NMMSTP00464. NTMP0681. NTMP1342. NTOUP201202-307. NTOUP201202-308. NTUM01963. NTUM02174. NTUM03315. SU24132. USNM00191328. USNM00191341. USNM00191342. USNM00200287.  
Common Name Silver carp; Carp; Chinese schemer 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Head large. Snout blunt, short. Eye small, on lower side of head, interorbital space broad. Mouth large, broad, oblique; lower jaw longer than upper. Body elongated, cylindrical, posterior laterally compressed, keel on belly from pectoral fin origin to anus; dorsal and ventral profile arched. Scales small, cycloid; lateral line complete. L.l.:109-112; dorsal fin rays:III, 7; pectoral fin rays:I, 16-17; pelvic fin rays:I, 7-9; anal fin rays:III, 11-13. Dorsal fin base short; pectoral fin end reaches pelvic fin origin; pelvic fin at lower side of body; caudal fin forked. Olive grayish dorsally, side and belly silvery white. Paired fins grayish, margin of caudal fin dark.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers still or slow running water, can be found impoundment and backwater of large rivers. Herbivorous, feeds mainly on phytoplankton. Grow up rapidly. 
Distribution Wildly distributed to eastern Asia, including China and Siberia. Populations of Taiwan were introduced. 
Utility Fisheries and aquaculture. Used to improve the water condition of reservoirs.