Scientific Name
Ilisha elongata  
Ilisha elongata長鰳
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830) Depth 5 - 20M
Chinese 長鰳 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鋸腹鰳科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F094 Pristigasteridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鰳 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 白力、力魚、曹白魚、吐目、鰳魚(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、North、PonFu 
Habitats Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Sumatra, Indonesia 
Synonyms Alosa elongata, Clupea affinis, Ilisha abnormis, Pellona elongata, Pellona grayana, Pellona leschenaulti, Pellona schlegelii, Pellona vimbella, Pristigaster chinensis, Pristigaster sinensis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0065149. ASIZP0073219. ASIZP0073506. ASIZP0080055. ASIZP0700136. ASIZP0700360. ASIZP0700361. ASIZP0800835. ASIZP0805694. ASIZP0806055. ASIZP0807389. ASIZP0910835. ASIZP0915694. ASIZP0916055. ASIZP0917389. BMNH1979.3.21.309. FRIP03029. MTP0188. NMMBP04976. NTMP1210. NTUM00120. NTUM01768. NTUM02128. NTUM03632.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-08-20,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Slender shad; White herring; Chinese herring; Herring; Elongate ilisha 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body slender, belly with usually 24 to 25 + 10 to 15, total 34 to 42 scutes. Eye large, lower jaw projecting; mouth directed obliquely upward; upper jaw reaching at most to vertical through centre of eye. Gill rakers fairly short and thick; lower gill rakers on first gill arch 19 to 25. Dorsal fin origin at about midpoint of body or a little behind; anal fin origin a little behind dorsal fin base. Swim bladder with a long tube passing back down right side of body above anal fin base.No distinctive colour patterns.
habitats Found inshore, entering estuaries and presumably able to tolerate lowered salinities; also found in semi-enclosed sea areas. A warm-water species that does not reach the northern part of its range in cool years. 
Distribution Widespread in Indo-West Pacific from Pondicherry, through Java Sea, northern Australian coast to Queensland, to East China Sea; north to Korea and southern Japan, as far as Osaka on the Pacific coast and Fukuoka in Sea of Japan, also Peter the Great Bay i 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, boiled, or made into fishballs.