Scientific Name
Kuhlia marginata  
Kuhlia marginata黑邊湯鯉
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1829) Depth 0 - 40M
Chinese 黑邊湯鯉 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 湯鯉科 Economic Fish No 
Family F400 Kuhliidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑邊湯鯉 
Max Length 17.9 cm SL  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 烏尾冬仔、紅尾冬(花蓮)、烏尾冬(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality Java 
Synonyms Dules maculatus, Dules marginatus, Dules papuensis, Kuhlia marginate   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1829 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0058741. ASIZP0067113. ASIZP0067134. ASIZP0067142. ASIZP0067144. ASIZP0074534. ASIZP0074870. ASIZP0700266. ASIZP0802125. ASIZP0802126. ASIZP0802127. ASIZP0802165. ASIZP0912125. ASIZP0912126. ASIZP0912127. ASIZP0912165. FRIP00580. FRIP03183. FRIP20150. FRIP21148. NMMBP03084. NMMBP03858. NMMBP03866. NMMBP03942. NMMBP05949. NMMSTP00617. NMNSF01078. NMNSF01474. NTHUB01803. NTHUB03073. NTMP1025. NTOUP200709-012. NTOUP200709-040. SU23091. SU23094. SU7300. USNM00191215. ...List all 37 records... 
Common Name Orange-finned flagtail; Spotted flagtail; Aholehole; Dark-margined flagtail 
Redlist Status LR/lc IUCN Redlist: Lower Risk/least concern(LR/lc)  1996-08-01   
Characteristic Body oblong, compressed. Head length less than body depth; preorbital and preopercle margins serrate; 2 flat spines on opercle. Eye moderately large. Mouth small, maxilla extending to or slightly beyond a vertical at front edge of pupil; bands of fine teeth in jaws, vomer, and palatines. A single dorsal fin, deeply notched between spinous and soft-rayed portions, with X spines and 10 to 12 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 11 to 12 soft rays; caudal fin moderately forked. Scales ctenoid, moderately large; lateral line complete, with 48 to 53 scales; a well-developed scaly sheath at base of dorsal and anal fins. Silvery, usually with blackish spots posteriorly on dorsal part of body that tends to merge to form bands anteriorly; caudal fin pale with a black posterior margin that broadens on lobe tips; base of caudal fin with small blackish spots; a narrow white margin on soft portion of dorsal and anal fins with a broad blackish submarginal zone anteriorly that narrows posteriorly.
habitats Primarily a freshwater species; extent of penetration into brackish and marine environments uncertain. Has been found in moderately deep, rocky, unshaded, flowing water areas of mid-hill rivers. 
Distribution Distributed in Taiwan, Philippines and Indonesia to islands in the Pacific. It is commonly found in Taiwan. 
Utility Excellent food fishes of minor importance to fisheries because of their generally small size.