Scientific Name
Lophiodes insidiator  
Lophiodes insidiator南非擬鮟鱇
by: Kwang-Tsao Shao
Author (Regan, 1921) Depth 200 - 600M
Chinese 南非擬鮟鱇 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮟鱇科 Economic Fish No 
Family F227 Lophiidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 南非擬鮟鱇 
Max Length 30 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 鮟鱇 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos  Holotype Locality 15-20 miles off Umvoti River, Natal, South Africa, depth 120-130 fathoms 
Synonyms Chirolophius crosnieri, Chirolophius insidiator, Chirolophius phycoides   
Reference   Regan, C. T. 1921 Caruso, J. H. 1981 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0057245. ASIZP0062329. ASIZP0062330. ASIZP0062598. ASIZP0063234. ASIZP0063274. ASIZP0064510. ASIZP0064560. ASIZP0064561. ASIZP0065116. ASIZP0066352. ASIZP0070145. ASIZP0910780.  
Common Name Natal angler; Natal monk 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body disk oval-shaped; head less than half of body length; skin smoothly and scaleless, with numerous large fleshy tendrils; lateral ridge of frontal bone smoothly; pseudobranch present; interorbital area strongly concave, forming deep U-shaped trough between eyes;humeral spine well developed, sharp and simple; illicium slender, devoid of tendrils, shorter than the second dorsal spine; esca with a fleshy pennant-like flap, long cirri, and a pair of dark, eye-like appendages; second third dorsal spine long and and dark distally; post cephalic portions with three well-developed dorsal spine; all dorsal spines but illicium stout and bearing large dark tendrils. Body uniform dusky to dark; ventral surface light; anal fin slightly darker distally; oval cavity lightly pigmented except for dark pitch on floor on mouth posterior.
habitats Marine. Bathydemersal, found in the outer continental shelf and upper slope, usually in depth 200-600 m. First dorsal spine highly modified into a long rod with a lure at the end call illicium and esca, acts as a fishing lure to attract preys. 
Distribution Distributed in west Indian and west Pacific Ocean from South Africa to northern Madagascar and Japan. It occurs in the Northeast Taiwan off Yilan. 
Utility Large one as fresh sea food, mostly no commercial value.