Scientific Name
Lutjanus sebae  
Lutjanus sebae川紋笛鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1816) Depth 5 - 180M
Chinese 川紋笛鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 笛鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F370 Lutjanidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 千年笛鯛 
Max Length 116 cm TL  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 嗑頭、白點赤海、厚唇仔、番仔加志、打鐵婆、紅雞仔(臺東)、鐵汕婆(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Pondicherry, Waigiu and Java 
Synonyms Diacope civis, Diacope sebae, Diacope siamensis, Genyoroge regia, Lutianus sebae   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  Cuvier, G. 1816 朱元鼎 編 1984 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054629. ASIZP0055617. ASIZP0076153. ASIZP0807070. ASIZP0917070. FRIP20079. FRIP20391. FRIP20502. FRIP21191. FRIP22399. NMMBP01159. NMMBP04216. NMMBP04231. NTMP1359. NTUM00952.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Red emperor; Redfish; Red kelp; Seba's snapper; Queenfish; Government bream; Emperor red snapper; Emperor redsnapper; Emperor snapper; Emperor red sanpper; King snapper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body very deep. Dorsal profile of head steeply sloped; snout profile straight or slightly convex; preorbital bone broad, much wider than eye diameter; preopercular notch and knob moderately developed; vomerine tooth patch crescentic or triangular, without a medial posterior extension; tongue smooth, without teeth; gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (including rudiments) 10 to 12, total rakers on first gill arch 16 to 19. Dorsal fin with XI spines and 15 or 16 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 10 soft rays; posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins distinctly pointed; pectoral fins with 17 rays; caudal fin slightly forked. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Generally red or pink, darker on the back; fins are red except the pectorals which is pink. Juveniles and small adults with a dark red band from first dorsal spine through eye to tip of snout; 2nd band from mid-dorsal fin to pelvic fin; 3rd from base of last dorsal spine to caudal peduncle. Large adults become uniformly red.
habitats Occur in the vicinity of coral or rocky reefs, often over adjacent sand flats and gravel patches. Also trawled in deeper water on relatively flat bottoms. Juveniles are frequently commensal with sea urchins. Juveniles less than 20 cm long are common in ne 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific from southern Red Sea and East Africa to New Caledonia, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. It is found in soutern and northern Taiwanese waters, and Penghu Is.. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried-salted and frozen. Commercially important but in certain regions of the Indian Ocean, large individuals are known to cause ciguatera poisoning.