Scientific Name
Melanocetus johnsonii  
Melanocetus johnsonii約氏黑鮟鱇
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Günther, 1864 Depth 0 - 2091M
Chinese 約氏黑鮟鱇 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 黑鮟鱇科 Economic Fish No 
Family F236 Melanocetidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 約氏黑犀魚 
Max Length 18 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 深海鮟鱇 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan North East 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Sea of Madeira, eastern Atlantic 
Synonyms Centrocetus spinulosus, Melanocetus cirrifer, Melanocetus ferox, Melanocetus johnsoni, Melanocetus krechi, Melanocetus megalodontis, Melanocetus rotundatus, Melanocoetus rotundatus, Xenoceratias braueri, Xenoceratias brevirostris, Xenoceratias heterorhynchus, Xenoceratias laevis, Xenoceratias micracanthus ...all 13..  
Reference Ho & Shao (2019), Zootaxa, 4702(1):10–18.   Theodore W. Pietsch etc. 1971 Pietsch, T. W. etc. 1980 Nakabo T. 2002 何宣慶 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0059765. ASIZP0064426.  
Common Name Blackdevil; Humpback angerfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Females with body short, globle; mouth large, cleft extending past eye, oblique or vertical; eye small; illicium short; esca simple, with anterior and posterior crests; anterior margin of vomer nearly straight; upper and lower jaws with numerous slender, recurved and depressible teeth; vomerine teeth present; skin covered with tiny close-set dermal spinules, appearing naked; dark brown to black over entire surface of head, body, fins, and oral cavity; sphenotic spines absent. D 13; A 4; P 16; C 8. Upper jaw teeth 65; lower jaw teeth 60. Illicium length 34.5 in %SL, escal width 3.9, head length 27.6, head depth 45.7, premaxillary length 34.5, lower jaws 34.5, the narrowest distance between front 13.8.
habitats Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous, larvae habits in the upper, food-rich 
Distribution Adults are meso- and bathypelagic from about 250m to bellow 3000m with a wide geographic distribution in tropical and subtropical waters of all three major ocean of the world. 
Utility No commercial value.