Scientific Name
Melanocetus murrayi  
Melanocetus murrayi短柄黑鮟鱇
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Günther, 1887 Depth 0 - 3386M
Chinese 短柄黑鮟鱇 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 黑鮟鱇科 Economic Fish No 
Family F236 Melanocetidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 短柄黑犀魚 
Max Length 12 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 短炳黑角鮟鱇、深海鮟鱇 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Central Atlantic, 1°47'N, 24°26'W, Challenger station 348, depth 0 to 2450 fathoms (3386 meters).  
Synonyms Melanocetus johnsoni, Melanocetus niger, Melanocetus tumidus, Melanocetus vorax, Rhynchoceratias acanthirostris, Rhynchoceratias latirhinus, Rhynchoceratias longipinnis, Rhynchoceratis latirhinus, Xenoceratias acanthirostris, Xenoceratias latirhinus, Xenoceratias longipinnis, Xenoceratias regani   
Reference 何宣慶(2002)碩士論文;Ho & Shao (2019), Zootaxa, 4702(1):10–18.   Theodore W. Pietsch etc. 1971 Nakabo T. 2002 何宣慶 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0059904. ASIZP0059905. ASIZP0060048. ASIZP0061807. ASIZP0061808. ASIZP0061809. ASIZP0061810. ASIZP0061811. ASIZP0061812. ASIZP0061813. ASIZP0061814. ASIZP0061815. ASIZP0061816. ASIZP0062882. ASIZP0062943. ASIZP0062944. ASIZP0062945. ASIZP0062949. ASIZP0064427. ASIZP0064513. ASIZP0064514. ASIZP0065432. ASIZP0065433. ASIZP0065434. ASIZP0065435. ASIZP0065439. ASIZP0065440. ASIZP0065441. ASIZP0065442. ASIZP0070155. ASIZP0074588. ASIZP0080435. ASIZP0804892. ASIZP0804893. ASIZP0914892. ASIZP0914893. NMNSF00431. ...List all 38 records... 
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Murray's abyssal angerfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Females with body short, globular; mouth large, cleft extending past eye, oblique or vertical; eye small; illicium short; esca simple, with conical distal end but no crest; anterior margin of vomer very concave; skin covered with tiny close-set dermal spinules, appearing naked; upper and lower jaws with numerous slender, recurved and depressible teeth; vomerine teeth present; dark brown to black over entire surface of head, body, fins, and oral cavity; sphenotic spines absent. D10-13; P 14-16; A 4; C 9. Upper jaw teeth 37-56, lower jaw teeth 46-122. Measurement in % SL: illicium length 34.5, escal width 3.9%, head length 27.6, head depth 45.7, premaxillary length 34.5, lower jaws 34.5, the narrowest distance between front 13.8%.
habitats Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous, larvae habits in the upper, food-rich 
Distribution Wistly distributed in the tropical to temperate of all oceans. It is a common species in Taiwan occurring in northeast off Yilan. 
Utility No commercial value.