Scientific Name
Monotaxis grandoculis  
Monotaxis grandoculis單列齒鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 1 - 100M
Chinese 單列齒鯛 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 龍占魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F377 Lethrinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 單列齒鯛 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 大眼黑鯛、月白(臺東)、大目黑格(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Djedda, Red Sea 
Synonyms Lethrinus latidens, Monotaxis grandocculis, Monotaxis grandoculus, Monotaxis indica, Pagrus heterodon, Sciaena grandoculis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055505. ASIZP0055807. ASIZP0059626. FRIP21328. FRIP21405. FRIP21722. FRIP22342. NMMBP04224. NMMBP04969. NMMSTP00047. NMMSTP00082. NTMP0762. NTUM02092. NTUM04870.  
Common Name Bigeye emperor; Bigeye barenose; Big-eye bream; Humpnose bigeye-bream; Grand-eyed porgy fish; Levovagan; Humpnose sea-bream; Humpnose big-eye bream; Large-eyed sea bream 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays X, 10; anal-fin rays III, 9; pectoral-fin rays 15. Body depth 2.1-2.7 in standard length; eye large; cheek with several rows of scales; inner base of pectoral fin scaled; molars present on side of jaws; maxilla with a longitudinal denticulated ridge; green or brown dorsally, silvery on sides, can rapidly assume a pattern of four broad blackish bars; two distinct colour forms are seen which has lead to speculation that two species may be involved.
habitats Usually associated with the higher-contrasted environment of the coral reef, whereas the lighter fish are generally seen over sand or quickly assume the dark pattern when harassed by a spearfisherman Juvenile has four permanent dark bars and a more slende 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands and southeastern Oceania; Australia north to Japan. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Lanyu, Lyudao, North, East, North-East, West.  
Utility Commercial fishery and aquarium species.