Scientific Name
Myctophum spinosum  
Myctophum spinosum櫛棘燈籠魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Steindachner, 1867) Depth 0 - 700M
Chinese 櫛棘燈籠魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 燈籠魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F200 Myctophidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 櫛棘燈籠魚 
Max Length 9 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 燈籠魚、七星魚、光魚 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、South 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality China [western Pacific] 
Synonyms Myctophum spinosus, Scopelus cuvieri, Scopelus spinosus   
Reference A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001);中國動物誌-燈籠魚目(陳等, 2002)  Wang, J. T.-M. etc. 2001 陳素芝 編著 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0057140. ASIZP0059963. ASIZP0060289. ASIZP0063879. FRIP00708.  
Common Name Spiny lanternfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. 12-13; A. 18-19; P. 15; AO 7 +6-8, total 13-15; G.R. 6 + 1 +13-15, total 20-23 Mouth oblique; maxillary expanded posteriorly. Eye very large. Upper posterior opercular margin serrate. Origin of dorsal fin over base of ventral fin. Origin of anal fin behind end of base of dorsal fin. Pectoral fins extending to about middle of distance between VLO and SAO2. Ventral fins not reaching VO4. Base of adipost fin in advance of end of base of anal fin. Scales ctenoid, those of lateral line enlarged. Dn and Vn present. Op1 close behind posterior end of premaxillary; Op2 below level of ventral margin of orbit. PLO about 2 times its diameter anterodorsal to upper end of base of pectoral fin. PVO1 above PO2; PVO2 at lower end of base of pectoral finand slightly in advance of PO3. Five PO, PO3-PO4 interspace shortest; PO5 elevated. VLO behind base of ventral fin and midway between it and lateral line. Four VO; VO1 markedly nearer to midevntral line than rest of organs of same series. SAO almost on a straight line; SAO1 behind of VO3; SAO2 nearer to SAO1 than to SAO3 which is somewhat in advance of vertical through origin of anal fin and immediately below lateral line. AOa forming a slightly curved line. Pol directly over and slightly in front of last AOa, well in advance of vertical through anterior end of base of adipose fin and immediately below lateral line. AOp1 over base of anal fin. Prc2 higher than Prc1 but still nearer to bases of ventral procurrent caudal rays than to lateral line; the two organs are a little more than one photophores diameter apart from each other. Males have 6 luminous scales in the SUGL, and females have 1 to 4 smaller luminous scales in thee INGL.
habitats High-oceanic and mesopelagic; nyctoepipelagic at the surface. 
Distribution Off eastern Taiwan; the tropical waters of the Pacific, Indo-Pacific, Indian, and possibly Atlantic Oceans.