Scientific Name
Myliobatis tobijei  
Myliobatis tobijei鳶鱝
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Bleeker, 1854 Depth 3 - 300M
Chinese 鳶鱝 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鱝科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F058 Myliobatidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 鳶鱝 
Max Length 150 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 燕魟、飛魴仔、鷹魴、土地公燕(澎湖)、飛魴仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Japan to East China Sea   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、North、PonFu 
Habitats   Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan 
Synonyms Mobula tobijei, Myliobatis tobije   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0061275. NMMBP06290. NMMBP06308. NTMP1367. NTUM01695.  
Common Name Cowhead eagle ray; Kite ray; Japanese eagle ray 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Disc broad, its width nearly 1.7 in length; anterior margin slightly convex, posterior slightly concave. Snout broad, subtruncate with a cephalic fin in front. Eyes small, lateral, prominent. Spiracles twice long as eye. Nostrils large, confluent with mouth, free hind nasal valves fringed. Mouth transverse, little arched. Teeth in pavement, median 4 times wider than long. One dorsal fin, small rounded on upper margins, its insertion far behind the ventrals by a distance about twice its base. Ventrals short, broad, rounded behind. Pectorals extend forward to the side of head and end at the mouth corners. Tail long, slender, with two serrated spine behind dorsal. Specimen in formalin black brown on the back. Lower surface whitish. Body smooth.
habitats Found from the intertidal to the uppermost continental slope. A carnivore feeding on benthic animals. Ovoviviparous. 
Distribution Japan, China, Taiwan.