Scientific Name
Myripristis murdjan  
Myripristis murdjan赤鋸鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 1 - 50M
Chinese 赤鋸鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 白邊鋸鱗魚 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 赤松毬、厚殼仔、金鱗甲、鐵甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆、大目仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea 
Synonyms Holocentrum melanophrys, Myripristis axillaris, Myripristis berndti, Myripristis bowditchae, Myripristis intermedius, Myripristis maculatus, Myripristis melanophrys, Myripristis murdjan intermedia, Myripristis parvidens, Myripristis seychellensis, Ostichthys murdjan, Ostichthys parvidens, Perca murdjan ...all 14..  
Reference   Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. etc. 1996 
Specimen List ASIZP0054082. ASIZP0054986. ASIZP0055125. ASIZP0055504. ASIZP0056363. ASIZP0056564. ASIZP0056895. ASIZP0058659. ASIZP0060138. ASIZP0060460. ASIZP0070350. ASIZP0071163. FRIP00712. FRIP20231. FRIP20239. FRIP21161. FRIP21387. FRIP21567. NMMBP00141. NMMBP01012. NMMBP01341. NMMBP01864. NMMBP01865. NMMBP02292. NMMBP03135. NMMBP04536. NMMSTP00863. NTMP0777. NTMP0794. NTOUP200801-031. NTUM02271. NTUM03651. NTUM03652. NTUM03653. NTUM03654. NTUM03657. NTUM03702. ...List all 45 records... 
Common Name Small-eyed squirrelfish; Red soldierfish; Pinecone soldierfish; Crimson squirrelfish; Big-eye soldierfish; Blotcheye soldierfish; Blotcheye soldier 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines. and 13-15 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 11-15 soft rays. Literal line scales: 27~29. Body color silvery pink; edge of scales red; opercular margin black; all fins red; submarginal band in each caudal fin lobe; leading edges of median fins white. Inner pectoral axil with numerous small scales. Differs by possessing prominent white leading edges on its soft dorsal, anal, and tail fins, and by having a deep red spinous dorsal fin. Back cover ctenoid scales, eye big. Body lenght 2.4~2.5 times of body height, 2.84~3.2 times of head lenght. The previous record M. seychellensis is misidentification.
habitats Occur in reef flats and shallow lagoon and seaward reefs. Mainly nocturnal. Feed mainly on plankton such as crab larvae. Secretive, hovering under ledges and in caves. Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea (including the Gulf of Oman) and East Africa to Oceania. 
Utility Commercial food species, edible.