Scientific Name
Neoniphon opercularis  
Neoniphon opercularis黑鰭新東洋金鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1831) Depth 20 - 40M
Chinese 黑鰭新東洋金鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑鰭新東洋鰃 
Max Length 35 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 黑鰭金鱗魚、鐵甲、金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Hâvre Carteret de la Nouvelle-Irlande [Carteret Harbour, Lambom Island, near Cape Saint-George, southern New Ireland, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific, ca. 4°48'S, 152°51'E] 
Synonyms Flammeo opercularis, Holocentrum operculare, Holocentrus opercularis, Kutaflammeo opercularis, Neoniphon openrcularis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0059584. FRIP03129. FRIP21131. FRIP22281. NMMBP00688. NMMBP00693. NMMBP00980. NMMBP02336.  
Common Name Black-finned squirrelfish; Blackfin squirrelfish; Clearfin squirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 12-14 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 8-9 soft rays. Body iridescent silvery with dark red or black mark on each scale. Spinous portion of dorsal fin black; soft dorsal, anal and caudal fins reddish yellow; pectoral fins pink, pelvic fins white. Lower jaw strongly projecting.
habitats Inhabits subtidal reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs to depths of at least 20 m. Found singly or in small groups in coral-rich areas. Feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps. Large spine at the corner of preopercle is venomous. It raises or flashes 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Tuamoto Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Throughout Micronesia. 
Utility Commercial species.