Scientific Name
Onigocia macrolepis  
Onigocia macrolepis大鱗牛尾魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1854) Depth 5 - 100M
Chinese 大鱗牛尾魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牛尾魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F313 Platycephalidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大鱗鱗鯒 
Max Length 15 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 竹甲、狗祈仔、牛尾 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、South West、North East 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan 
Synonyms Platycephalus macrolepis, Thysanophrys macrolepis   
Reference 1. Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes.. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.;2. Knapp, L. W. 1999. Family Platycephalidae. In: Carpenter and Niem (ed). Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. v. 4: iii-v; 2069-2790;3. Shao, K. T. and J. P. Chen, 1987. Fishes of the family Platycephalidae (Teleostei: Platycephaloidei) of Taiwan with descriptions of two new species. Bull. Inst. Zool. Acad. Sin. 26(1):77-94  Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno, etc. 1984 Sainsbury, K.J. etc. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056027. ASIZP0057557. NMMBP01109. RUSI38436. USNM00344483.  
Common Name Notched flathead 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with IX spines and 11-12 soft rays; anal fin with 11-13 soft rays; pectoral fin with 20-22; lateral line scales 35-42; gill rakers 1+3-5. Side of head unicarinate. Infraorbital ridge smooth over front half of eye, serrated posteriorly. Suborbital ridge with a distinct smooth notch below middle of eye. Antorbital margin with 2 antrorse spines. Lower side of head unicarinate. Lateral line scales frequently 37 or 38, anterior scales 2-10 (usually 2-5) scales bearing spines. Iris lappet bearing numerous short branches with bifurcate tips. Upper surface of eye with a short, branched cirrus.
habitats Inhabit demersal marine environment, depth range -130m. Taken by trawling over sand and mud bottoms to 130 m. Attains 12 cm SL. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: southern Japan, Taiwan, South China Sea, Philippines, Indonesia, northwest shelf of Australia and Andaman Sea. 
Utility Not commercial food species.