Scientific Name
Onigocia spinosa  
Onigocia spinosa棘鱗牛尾魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843) Depth 5 - 250M
Chinese 棘鱗牛尾魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牛尾魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F313 Platycephalidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鋸齒鱗鯒 
Max Length 13 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 竹甲、狗祈仔、牛尾 
Distribution in World Japan to East China Sea   Distribution in Taiwan South West、North、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan 
Synonyms Insidiator spinosus, Platycephalus spinosus, Thysanophrys spinosus   
Reference 1. 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes.. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.;3. Knapp, L. W. 1999. Family Platycephalidae. In: Carpenter and Niem (ed). Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. v. 4: iii-v; 2069-2790;4. Shao, K. T. and J. P. Chen, 1987. Fishes of the family Platycephalidae (Teleostei: Platycephaloidei) of Taiwan with descriptions of two new species. Bull. Inst. Zool. Acad. Sin. 26(1):77-94.  Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno, etc. 1984 Sainsbury, K.J. etc. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055622. ASIZP0056044. ASIZP0056049. ASIZP0058562. ASIZP0059201. ASIZP0059399. ASIZP0060231. ASIZP0060923. ASIZP0061015. ASIZP0061088. ASIZP0061183. ASIZP0061218. ASIZP0061572. ASIZP0062351. ASIZP0066617. ASIZP0074802. ASIZP0075162. ASIZP0078803. ASIZP0079020. ASIZP0801794. ASIZP0806638. ASIZP0911794. ASIZP0916638. CAS30317. CAS54836. FRIP03133. NMMBP03224. NMMBP08863. NMMBP09041. NMMSTP00753. NMMSTP01584. NTUM03644. NTUM05244. NTUM07050. NTUM08201. RUSI43039. ...List all 36 records... 
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Midget flathead 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with I-VIII spines and 11-12 soft rays; anal fin with 11-12 soft rays; pectoral fin with 20-22 soft rays; lateral line scales 35-42; gill rakers 1+3-5. Side of head unicarinate. A short, branched supra ocular cirrus present. Infraorbital ridge entirely serrated over eye. Preopercular spines 3-5, not noticeably slanting towards mid-line; no smooth notch under eye. Antorbital margin with 3 antrorse spines. Lower side of head unicarinate. Lateral line scales frequently 37 or 38, anterior 7 to 27 scales bearing a small spine or ridge. Iris lappet bearing numerous short branches with bifurcate tips. Upper surface of eye with a short, branched cirrus.
habitats Inhabit demersal marine environment; depth range -200m; occurs inshore; taken by trawling over sand and mud bottoms to 250 m. Nocturnal, buried in the substrate during the day. 
Distribution Western Pacific: southern Japan, Taiwan, South China Sea, Philippines, northwest shelf of Australia through Timor and Arafura seas. 
Utility Not commercial food species.