Scientific Name
Paralichthys olivaceus  
Paralichthys olivaceus牙鮃
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) Depth 10 - 200M
Chinese 牙鮃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牙鮃科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F492 Paralichthyidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 牙鮃 
Max Length 103 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan West、North、PonFu 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Wonsan, Korea, Sea of Japan 
Synonyms Hippoglossus olivaceus   
Reference 中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Abe, T. 1972 Eduardo, F.B. 1985 Hosoya, K. etc. 1993 Hosoya, K. etc. 1995 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 Kawamura, K. etc. 1997 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054813. ASIZP0060784. ASIZP0061258. ASIZP0062312. ASIZP0063521. ASIZP0070885. ASIZP0075268. ASIZP0080108. ASIZP0700376. ASIZP0804829. ASIZP0807694. ASIZP0807695. ASIZP0914829. ASIZP0917694. ASIZP0917695. MTP0183. NTMP1293. NTUM02478.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Olive flounder; Bastard halibut; False halibut; Japanese flounder 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 77-81; anal-fin rays 59-61; pectoral-fin rays 12. Anterior rays of dorsal and anal fins not branched, more or less with some scales along their bases and are not much sparser than those of its posterior rays; pectoral fins on both sides or only ocular side with branched rays; ventral fin rays 6, 4 or 5 branched; each jaw with one row of teeth only; gill rakers often long and slender; do not enter in rivers. Posterior fin rays of dorsal and anal fins branched; ventral fin with one simple and 5 branched rays; pectoral fins on both sides with branched rays; lateral line with with no supratemporal branch
habitats Found in shallow waters and estuaries, on mud and sand bottoms. Feeds on benthic animals. 
Distribution Western Pacific: Japan, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands, Korean Peninsula to the South China Sea. Taiwan: Penghu, North, West. 
Utility Commercial fishery species.