Scientific Name
Parastromateus niger  
Parastromateus niger烏鯧
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch, 1795) Depth 15 - 40M
Chinese 烏鯧 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰺科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F364 Carangidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 烏鰺 
Max Length 75 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 烏昌、三角昌、昌鼠魚、黑鯧、暗鯧、黑鰭、燕尾鯧 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality East-India 
Synonyms Apolectus niger, Citula halli, Formio niger, Parastromaeus niger, Stromateus niger, Temnodon inornatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Lin & Shao(1999)  Yamada, U. etc. 1986 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Lin, P. L. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0056853. ASIZP0056936. ASIZP0058711. ASIZP0060354. ASIZP0065866. ASIZP0065879. ASIZP0065880. ASIZP0066562. ASIZP0074056. ASIZP0076191. ASIZP0700293. ASIZP0800913. ASIZP0800914. ASIZP0800915. ASIZP0801360. ASIZP0801405. ASIZP0910913. ASIZP0910914. ASIZP0910915. ASIZP0911360. ASIZP0911405. FRIP00441. FRIP00809. FRIP01311. FRIP01378. NMMBP00685. NMMBP05358. NTMP1264. NTMP1428. NTUM00697. NTUM07017.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Pompano; Pomfret; Slade; Sweep; Blue skate; Butterfish; Black batfish; Brown pomfret; Black pompano; Black pomfret; Halibut; False butterfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. I+40-43; A. I+34-37; P. i+20; G.R. 6+13-14; CLS. 57-68; SLS. 4-6 scales, 19 scutes; vertebrate 10+14. Adipose eyelid feebly developed. Scales small and deciduous, and almost completely covering dorsal and anal fins. Lateral line very weakly arched anteriorly; straight part of lateral line with 19 weak scutes, forming a slight keel on caudal pecuncle. First dorsal- and free anal-fin spines weak, embedded and not apparent in adults; pelvic fins long in young, absent in adults. Adults uniformly silvery grey to bluish brown (yellowish brown when deciduous scales missing); fins with dark edges; young with dark vertical bars and long black jugular pelvic fins.
habitats Inhabits coastal areas with muddy substrate. Usually found in depths of 15 to 40 m, generally over muddy bottoms. Enters estuaries. Normally forms large schools. Swims on its side near the surface. Feeds on zooplankton. 
Distribution Broadly distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific. It is an abundant species of carangid fishes in Taiwanese waters, especially in the west. 
Utility Excellent food fish; marketed fresh, may be dried or salted.