Scientific Name
Parexocoetus mento  
Parexocoetus mento長頜擬飛魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1847) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 長頜擬飛魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 飛魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F253 Exocoetidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 長頜擬飛魚 
Max Length 11 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黑短鰭擬飛魚、飛烏、小烏(澎湖)、草螟仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Ocean、Coastal  Holotype Locality Pondicherry, India 
Synonyms Exocoetus gryllus, Exocoetus mento, Exocoetus mesogaster, Paraxocoetus mento atlanticus, Parexocoetus brachypterus, Parexocoetus mento atlanticus, Parexocoetus mento mento   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  塚原博,鹽川司 1955 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0058461. ASIZP0075104. ASIZP0075108. ASIZP0700289. FRIP00812. FRIP00815. MTP0025. NTMP1438. NTUM03559. NTUM04851. NTUM04852. NTUM07745.  
Common Name African sailfin flyingfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, broadly cylindrical. Head short. Snout blunt. Mouth small. Gill rakers well developed. Dorsal fin with 9-11 soft rays, 12; longest dorsal-fin rays scarcely reaching origin of upper caudal-fin lobe; Origin of anal fin slightly before or under origin of dorsal fin, and with 10-12 soft rays; pectoral fins not reaching posterior end of anal fin; pelvic fin short, not extending beyond of anal fin when depressed; caudal fin deeply forked, its lower lobe longer than the upper. Scales large, cycloid, easily shed; predorsal scales 16-20; lateral line with branch at throrax, with 38-40 scales. Body deep blue above, pale below; dorsal fin black except posterior margin; pectoral fin partially dark; caudal fins greyish.
habitats Found in near-shore surface waters, never spread to open sea. Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding above the surface. 
Distribution Widespread in the Indian and Pacific oceans from East Africa, including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, to southern Japan, Marshall Islands, Fiji, and Queensland (Australia). It is found in eastern and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility No importance to fisheries. Sometimes marketed fresh or dried.