Scientific Name
Parupeneus spilurus  
Parupeneus spilurus大型海緋鯉
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1854) Depth 1 - 80M
Chinese 大型海緋鯉 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鬚鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F382 Mullidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 點紋副緋鯉 
Max Length 50 cm TL  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 秋姑、鬚哥、紅秋哥(澎湖)、黑點秋哥(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、PonFu、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan 
Synonyms Papupeneus spilurus, Parupeneus fraterculus, Parupeneus signatus, Pseudupeneus jeffi, Upeneus signatus, Upeneus spilurus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Bleeker, P. 1854 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0060026. ASIZP0060414. ASIZP0062332. ASIZP0065858. ASIZP0070104. ASIZP0801077. ASIZP0804340. ASIZP0805881. ASIZP0911077. ASIZP0914340. ASIZP0915881. FRIP20114. NMMBP02203. NMMSTP00579. NMNSF01273. NTMP1433. NTUM04613. NTUM08207.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100%
Common Name Blackspot goatfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body slightly elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 slender barbels which usually reach to below rear edge of preopercle. Snout short; dorsal profile of snout before eye slightly concave to straight; mouth small, maxilla reaching about 2/3 distance to front edge of eye; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 6 or 7 gill rakers on upper limb, 21 to 24 on lower limb (total 27 to 32). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.4 to 1.8 times in head length; last ray of second dorsal and anal fins slightly longer than penultimate ray; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 or 16. Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body orange-red to reddish brown, the scale edges narrowly darker, shading to pale red or white ventrally; a black spot as large or larger than eye dorsally at posterior end of caudal peduncle, its lower edge resting on lateral line, its upper edge near top of peduncle, usually not meeting spot of other side; an elongate pale yellowish blotch adjacent and anterior to black spot, extending to below rear base of second dorsal fin; 3 brown stripes, separated by 2 pale red to whitish stripes, passing from snout along anterior part of body parallel with dorsal contour, the middle brown stripe passing through eye, the lower just above pectoral-fin base; a faint reddish to yellow stripe along lower side of body; fins orange-red; barbels white.
habitats An inshore species generally found on rocky substrata or coral reefs. Often seen by day at rest on the bottom during daylight hours, suggesting possible nocturnal feeding. Adults solitary or in small aggregations; juveniles tend to form small schools. 
Distribution Known only from the western Pacific from northern New Zealand and New Caledonia to Western Australia. Including Japan, Norfolk Island, Philippines, and Indonesia. It is found in eastern and southern Taiwanese waters, and Penghu Is.. 
Utility Marketed fresh.