Scientific Name
Pennahia argentata  
Pennahia argentata白姑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Houttuyn, 1782) Depth 3 - 40M
Chinese 白姑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石首魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F381 Sciaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 銀姑魚 
Max Length 40.0 cm SL  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 白口、帕頭、黃順、加網(澎湖) 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、North、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Argyrosomus argentatus, Corvina argentata, Johnius argentatus, Nibea argentata, Pseudosciaena schlegeli, Sciaena iharae, Sparus argentatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List AMNH90097. ASIZP0061857. ASIZP0066558. ASIZP0066561. ASIZP0076184. ASIZP0078875. ASIZP0078882. ASIZP0078894. ASIZP0078916. ASIZP0079022. ASIZP0079433. ASIZP0080101. ASIZP0080104. ASIZP0801818. ASIZP0801819. ASIZP0807097. ASIZP0900241. ASIZP0911818. ASIZP0911819. ASIZP0917097. FRIP00754. FRIP00755. NMMBP00025. NMMBP01225. NMMBP04627. NMMBP04628. NMMBP04629. NMMBP04630. NMMBP04631. NMMSTP01540. NMNSF00851. NMNSF00974. NTMP0228. NTMP0269. NTMP0304. NTMP0530. NTMP1308. ...List all 59 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2016-01-27,HAN-YANG,CO1,100%
Common Name Silver sea meagre; Silver croaker; White croaker; Croaker 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin X-XI, I, 25-28; anal fin II, 6-8; pectoral fin I, 16-18; pelvic fin I, 5; lateral-line scales 49-51; gill-rakers 5-6 + 9-10; Body elongated and compressed, dorsal and ventral profile slightly curved. Head bluntly pointed with a large, terminal and oblique mouth; snout not protruded. Length of both jaw about equal. Teeth differentiated into large and small in both two jaws, upper jaw with outer row enlarged as canine teeth; tip of upper jaw without tooth; lower jaw with inner row enlarged, no outstanding canine teeth. 5 marginal pores, 3 rostral pores. 6 mental pores. Gill rakers slender, as 1.5 times of gill filaments at angle of arch. Sagitta morphology refered to as the Pennahia form, sagitta moderately triangular, with umbo on outer surface; inner (medial) surface moderately convex with a tadpole-shaped impression, which head heart shaped, tail bended at right angle. Top of pectoral fin base before the origin of dorsal and pelvic fin bases, below the tip of gill cover; dorsal fin origin opposite to origin of pelvic fin base. Caudal fin bluntly rhomboid. Length of second anal spine almost equal to eye diameter. Lining of body cavity black. Swim-bladder morphology referred to as the Pennahia form, swim-bladder typically carrot-shaped with 24-27 pairs of appendages, each with a ventral limb only, branched in a wing manner except for the first pair. None entering head. The posterior simple and parallel to the tubular end of the swimbladder. Color: body purplish brown at upper half and silverly white at lower half. Dorsal fin brown, with a silverly white line at center of soft-ray dorsal fin. Caudal fin black; anal, pelvic and pectoral fins colorless. Lining of mouth white; Gill chamber black. Gill cover bluish purple.
habitats Found in coastal waters over muddy bottoms, off the sea-bed. Feeds on small fishes and invertebrates. 
Distribution Pon_Fu, North, West. 
Utility Marketed fresh and dried.