Scientific Name
Pennahia pawak  
Pennahia pawak斑鰭白姑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lin, 1940) Depth 3 - 50M
Chinese 斑鰭白姑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石首魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F381 Sciaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 斑鰭銀姑魚 
Max Length 22 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 春子、帕頭、白毛(讀音:門)仔、黑耳仔(臺南安平) 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan West、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Hong Kong 
Synonyms Argyrosomus pawak, Pennahia pawah   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0059040. ASIZP0063558. ASIZP0066392. ASIZP0066403. ASIZP0066437. ASIZP0076067. ASIZP0079048. ASIZP0700204. ASIZP0801950. ASIZP0801951. ASIZP0801952. ASIZP0911950. ASIZP0911951. ASIZP0911952. NMMSTP01539. NMNSF00487. NMNSF00987. NMNSF01031. NTMP1455. NTUM00876. NTUM01758. NTUM07192. NTUM07193. NTUM07286. NTUM07312. NTUM07325. NTUM07447. NTUM07448. NTUM07449. NTUM07450. NTUM07602.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Pawak croaker 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin X, I, 23-25; anal fin II, 7; pectoral fin I, 16-17; pelvic fin I, 5; lateral-line scales 48; gill-rakers 5-6 + 8-9; Body elongated and compressed, dorsal and ventral profile moderately curved. Head bluntly pointed with a large, terminal and oblique mouth; snout not protruded. Length of upper jaw slight longer than lower jaw. Teeth well differentiated into large and small in both two jaws; upper jaw with outer row enlarged as canine teeth and exposed when mouth is closed; lower jaw with inner row enlarged; without tooth at tips in both jaws. 5 marginal pores, 3 rostral pores. 6 mental pores. Gill rakers slender, slightly longer than gill filaments at angle of arch. Sagitta morphology refered to as the Pennahia form, sagitta moderately triangular, with umbo on outer surface; inner (medial) surface moderately convex with a tadpole-shaped impression, which head heart shaped, tail with a bluntly round tip. Dorsal fin origin slightly before top of pectoral fin base and the origin of pelvic fin base. Dorsal fin origin opposite to origin of pelvic fin base, and below the tip of gill cover. Caudal fin rhomboid; Lining of body cavity dark browns. Swim-bladder morphology refered to as the Pennahia form, swim-bladder typically carrot-shaped with 24-25 pairs of appendages, each with a ventral limb only, branched in a wing manner except for the first pair. None entering head. The posterior simple and parallel to the tubular end of the swimbladder.Color: body purplish brown at upper half and silverly white at lower half; spinous dorsal fin brown, with a black patch between 7th and 10th spines; soft-ray dorsal fin with a white line at center; fin base and margin light brown. Caudal fin light brown; anal fin colorless, pelvic fin orange yellow with little brown spots. Pectoral fin light brown. Lining of mouth white, gill chamber black, gill cover bluish purple.
habitats Inhabits coastal waters and feeds on small crustaceans. 
Distribution Pon_Fu, West. 
Utility Food fish.