Scientific Name
Poecilia reticulata  
Poecilia reticulata孔雀花鱂
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Peters, 1859 Depth 0 - 1M
Chinese 孔雀花鱂 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 花鱂科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F266 Poeciliidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 虹鱂(孔雀魚) 
Max Length 3.5 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 孔雀魚、胎鱂 
Distribution in World South America   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、HenChun Semiiland、East 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Guayre River, Caracas, Venezuela 
Synonyms Acanthophacelus guppii, Acanthophacelus reticulatus, Girardinus guppii, Girardinus reticulatus, Haridichthys reticulatus, Heterandria guppyi, Lebistes poecilioides, Lebistes poeciloides, Lebistes reticulatus, Pocilia reticulata, Poecilia reticulate, Poecilia reticulatus, Poecilioides reticulatus ...all 13..  
Reference 臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳及方, 1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Weisel, G. F.  Peters, W. (C. H.) 1859 陳義雄,方力行 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0068443. ASIZP0068444. ASIZP0068445. ASIZP0068446. ASIZP0068447. ASIZP0074346. ASIZP0803177. ASIZP0803178. ASIZP0803179. ASIZP0803180. ASIZP0803181. ASIZP0913177. ASIZP0913178. ASIZP0913179. ASIZP0913180. ASIZP0913181. NMMSTP00839. NMNSF00912. NMNSF00913. NMNSF01548.  
Barcode2016-01-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Guppy 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Head moderately large, broad and horizontal dorsally. Snout short. Eye large, on side of head. Mouth protractile, oblique; posterior of jaw distant from anterior margin of eye. Body elongated, slightly cylindrical and posterior laterally compressed; dorsal profile horizontal, ventral profile arched to end of anal fin. Scales large; lateral line absent; longitudinal scales:26-28; predorsal scales:11-13. Dorsal soft rays:7-8; pectoral soft rays:13-14; pelvic soft rays:5; anal soft rays:8-9 (female). Sexually dichromatic; appearance of female similar to female of Gambusia affinis, brownish or grayish, slightly transparent; darker dorsally and grayish white ventrally; male gorgeous, several colorful longitudinal stripes on side of body.
habitats Prefers standing to slow running water, can be found in ponds, paddy fields and slow moving reaches of river, especially vegetated environments. Highly tolerant to low dissolved oxygen and pollution, even occurs in highly turbid canals and ditches. The th 
Distribution Southern America. Introduced to Taiwan in 1970’ for ornamentation, can be found in whole island of Taiwan.