Scientific Name
Prionurus scalprum  
Prionurus scalprum鋸尾鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Valenciennes, 1835 Depth 2 - 20M
Chinese 鋸尾鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 刺尾鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F470 Acanthuridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 三棘多板盾尾魚 
Max Length 50 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 黑豬哥、黑將軍、打鐵婆、剝皮仔、老娘(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Japan to Taiwan   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Prionurus scalprus, Xesurus scalprum   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1835 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054770. ASIZP0057760. ASIZP0057764. ASIZP0059761. ASIZP0065860. ASIZP0800916. ASIZP0910916. FRIP01341. FRIP21612. NMMBP03270. NMMBP06501. NMMBP06502. NMMSTP00694. NMNSF00307. NTMP1373. NTUM01226. NTUM01228. NTUM01229. NTUM01230. NTUM01231. NTUM01232. NTUM01233. NTUM01234. NTUM01235. NTUM01238. NTUM01239. NTUM01240. NTUM01242. NTUM01243. NTUM01247. NTUM01250. NTUM01251. NTUM01252. NTUM01253. NTUM01255. NTUM01257. NTUM01258. ...List all 47 records... 
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100%
Common Name Scalpel sawtail 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX, 22-24 ; anal-fin rays III, 21-23 ; pectoral-fin rays 17-18 ; pelvic-fin rays I,5. Body roundish in young becoming ovate with age. Dorsal and ventral profiles about even. Forehead without rostral prominence even in adult; caudal peduncle relatively deep and compressed without dorsal and ventral precaudal depressions. Body light gray to dark browen often with a series of about 15 narrow dark bars along side of body; caudal peduncular plates black, lateral-line pores black.
habitats Occur in small groups in coastal bays in rocky-algae habitats. Feed on algae along rocky shores. 
Distribution Northwest Pacific: Matsushima Bay, Japan to Taiwan. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Penghu, North, East, North-East, West.  
Utility Commercial aquarium species.