Scientific Name
Psettodes erumei  
Psettodes erumei大口鰜
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Depth 1 - 100M
Chinese 大口鰜 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰜科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F489 Psettodidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大口鰜 
Max Length 64 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 咬龍狗、左口、扁魚、皇帝魚、比目魚、咬網狗(澎湖)、肉瞇仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Tranquebar, India 
Synonyms Hippoglossus erumei, Hippoglossus orthorhynchus, Pleuronectes erumei, Psettotes erumei   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054604. ASIZP0060322. ASIZP0066473. ASIZP0066487. ASIZP0067310. ASIZP0067538. ASIZP0801967. ASIZP0801968. ASIZP0802806. ASIZP0802807. ASIZP0911967. ASIZP0911968. ASIZP0912806. ASIZP0912807. FRIP20426. FRIP21209. MTP0089. NMMBP04227. NMMBP04324. NMMBP04335. NMMSTP00942. NMNSF00489. NTMP0679. NTUM01630. NTUM05472. NTUM05473. NTUM05474. NTUM05521. SIO90-152g.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Queensland halibut; Tropical halibut; Adalah; False halibut; Indian spiny turbot; Indian halibut 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX-XI, 38-45; anal-fin rays I, 37-43; pectoral-fin rays 14-16. Body oval and flat, but thicker than in most other flatfishes. Mouth large with strong teeth; maxillary extends well beyond hind edge of lower eye; upper eye lying immediately below dorsal edge; gill rakers not developed. Dorsal fin origin well posterior to eyes; anterior fin rays spinous; lateral line almost straight. Color usually brown or grey, sometimes with 4 broad, dark crossbars. Dorsal, anal and caudal fin tips black. Blind side occasionally partially colored.
habitats Occurs on sand and mud bottoms. Often swims in an upright position. Mainly piscivorous. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Japan and Australia. Taiwan: Penghu, West. 
Utility Commercial fishery species. Mainly sold fresh; also utilized smoked and frozen.