Scientific Name
Pseudorhombus arsius  
Pseudorhombus arsius大齒斑鮃
by: J. H. Tian
Author (Hamilton, 1822) Depth 0 - 200M
Chinese 大齒斑鮃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牙鮃科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F492 Paralichthyidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大牙斑鮃 
Max Length 45 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚、肉瞇仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、North、PonFu 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Calcutta, India 
Synonyms Neorhombus occellatus, Neorhombus ocellatus, Pleuronectes arsius, Pleuronectes mortoniensis, Pseudorhombus andersoni, Pseudorhombus arius, Pseudorhombus oligodon, Pseudorhombus polyspilos, Pseudorhombus polyspilus, Rhombus lentiginosus, Rhombus polyspilos, Teratorhombus excisiceps   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);台灣淡水及河口魚圖鑑(周及高,2011)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054646. ASIZP0058423. ASIZP0059481. ASIZP0060118. ASIZP0062342. ASIZP0062343. ASIZP0062889. ASIZP0063576. ASIZP0063584. ASIZP0068302. ASIZP0070812. ASIZP0070823. ASIZP0070871. ASIZP0074504. ASIZP0078450. ASIZP0079450. ASIZP0080107. ASIZP0700362. ASIZP0804064. ASIZP0804811. ASIZP0804812. ASIZP0804813. ASIZP0807251. ASIZP0914064. ASIZP0914811. ASIZP0914812. ASIZP0914813. ASIZP0917251. CAS28212. FRIP21136. NMMBP02595. NMMBP02796. NMMBP03617. NMMBP03754. NMMBP06379. NMMBP06401. NMMSTP00623. ...List all 45 records... 
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-28,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Smooth-scale brill; False brill; Large-toothed flounder; Flatfish; Flounder; Largetooth flounder; Large tooth flounder 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 75-78; anal-fin rays 58-61; pectoral-fin rays 12-13. Soft ray count of pectoral fin refers to that on ocular side. Body ovoid, its depth 1.8 to 2.3 times in standard length. Head length 3.3 to 3.6 times in standard length; upper profile of head with a slight notch in front of upper eye. Snout as long as or longer than eye diameter. Origin of dorsal fin in front of upper eye and nostrils on blind side. Scales ctenoid on eyed side, cycloid on blind side; lateral-line scales 69 to 81; lateral line curved above pectoral fins. Body greenish or pale brownish, a dark blotch at junction of straight and curved parts of lateral line, and a smaller blotch half-way to caudal-fin base.
habitats Found in shallow waters and estuaries, on mud and sand bottoms, to depths of 200 m. Juveniles common in brackish water. Feeds on benthic animals. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and eastern coast of Africa eastward to the coast of India and East Indies; northward to southern Japan, through East China Sea, eastward to Fiji and southward to northern coast of Australia. Taiwan: Penghu, North, West. 
Utility Commercial fishery species. Mainly sold fresh.