Scientific Name
Rhynchobatus australiae
Rhynchobatus australiae南方龍紋鱝
by: Wei-Chuan Chiang, Fishery Research Institute
Author Whitley, 1939 Depth 1 - 50M
Chinese 南方龍紋鱝 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 龍紋鱝科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F046 Rhynchobatidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China  
Max Length 300 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 飯匙鯊、魴仔、沙條(臺東)、龍文鯊(澎湖)、[魚本]仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、South West、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Off Manning River mouth, New South Wales, Australia 
Synonyms Raja djiddensis, Rhinchobatus djiddensis, Rhinobatus djiddensis, Rhinobatus maculata, Rhynchobatus djeddensis, Rhynchobatus djiddenis, Rhynchobatus djidensis, Rhyncobatis djeddensis, Rhyncobatus djeddensis, Rhyncobatus djiddensis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);楊鴻嘉圖鑑 (金)  朱元鼎 編 1985 楊鴻嘉, 楊誠國 1990 楊鴻嘉, 陳良德 1993 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 楊鴻嘉, 陳良德 1995 楊鴻嘉, 張寶仁 1996 
Specimen List ASIZP0070800. ASIZP0075029.  
Common Name Whitespotted wedgefish  
Redlist Status VU IUCN Redlist: Vulnerable(VU) A1bd+2d 2000-06-30   
Characteristic Disc subtriangular, larger than wide. Snout elongated, narrow, pointed, half the length of disc. Rostral cartilages long, trough-like. Nostrils wide, oblique, narrower and curved back toward the mouth on inner ends; valves feebly developed, anterior with a short rounded lobe, posterior with the outer section and the elongate lobe continuous and the inner section narrow and short. Mouth with moderately developed labial folds and labial cartilages, arched in the middle, with large teeth on the arches. Teeth smooth, rhomboid. Spiracles close behind eyes with two folds. Gill openings nearly equidistant, short. Row of small tubercles along each supraorbital edge, interrupted by division of spiracle. Two dorsals, moderate, angles produced, hind margins deeply concave. First dorsal origin over ventral origin. Interspace between dorsals nearly 3 length of second dorsal base. Pectorals small, not extended opposite nostrils. Ventrals small, narrow, hind angle produced. Tail depressed, with lateral fold. Caudal axis slightly raised, subcaudal lobe prominent. Median row of small vertebral tubercles down back, two short series on each shoulder. Specimen in formalin gray above, with white spots, surrounded by blackish ring. One black spot, as large as spiracle, above each end of shoulder girdle. Under surface grayish brown, anterior part of snout dark brown.
Distribution Red Sea, Arabia, Zanjibar, Madagascar, Natal, Seychelles, India, Ceylon, Andamans, Pinang, Malary Peninsula, Singapore, East Indies, Philippines, Cochinchina, Japan, Melanesia, Queensland, New South Wales, Taiwan.