Scientific Name
Samaris cristatus  
Samaris cristatus冠鰈
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Gray, 1831 Depth 20 - 114M
Chinese 冠鰈 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 冠鰈科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F499 Samaridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 冠鰈 
Max Length 22 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚、貼沙(澎湖)、西鰨(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality China 
Synonyms Arnoglossus cacatuae, Samaris cacatuae, Samaris cristata, Samaris delagoensis, Samaris ornatus, Samariscus cristatus, Somaris cristatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Gray, J. E. 1831 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 
Specimen List ASIZP0055543. ASIZP0058079. ASIZP0058611. ASIZP0059560. ASIZP0059846. ASIZP0061850. ASIZP0061854. ASIZP0073222. ASIZP0073223. ASIZP0073257. ASIZP0074670. ASIZP0805697. ASIZP0805698. ASIZP0805732. ASIZP0900234. ASIZP0900238. ASIZP0915697. ASIZP0915698. ASIZP0915732. FRIP00960. NMMBP00064. NMMBP01266. NMMBP05711. NMMBP05712. NMMBP05717. NMMBP08847. NMMBP08854. NTMP1128. NTUM02507. NTUM05331. NTUM05332. NTUM05333. NTUM05344. NTUM05345. NTUM05346. NTUM05347. NTUM05481. ...List all 40 records... 
Barcode2012-08-20,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-08-20,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-10-25,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Crested flounder; Cockatoo righteye flounder; Cockatoo flounder; Gray's crested flounder 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 76-79; anal-fin rays 53-57; pectoral-fin rays 4. Body on ocular side brownish with darker spots and blotches; a series of blotches along dorsal and ventral body margins; elongated anterior dorsal-fin rays white, remainder of dorsal fin, anal fin, and caudal fin brown; pectoral fin dark. Blind side of body whitish. First 12-15 dorsal- fin rays greatly elongated. Pectoral fin on blind side absent or rudimentary. Pelvic fin on eyed side elongated. Caudal fin with 16 unbranched rays and rounded margin.
habitats Inhabits sand bottoms in sublittoral zone. Feeds on benthic animals. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: throughout Indian Ocean to Taiwan, South China Sea, Philippines, Indonesia, northern Australia, Great Barrier Reef, and New Caledonia. Taiwan: Penghu, West. 
Utility Commercial fishery species.