Scientific Name
Scomber australasicus  
Scomber australasicus花腹鯖
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Cuvier, 1832 Depth 0 - 200M
Chinese 花腹鯖 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯖科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F475 Scombridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 澳洲鯖 
Max Length 44 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 花飛、青輝、飛威(澎湖)、青飛(澎湖)、胡麻鯖 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is. 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality King George's Sound, W. Australia 
Synonyms Pneumatophorus japonicus tapeinocephalus, Pneumatophorus tapeinocephalus, Scomber antarcticus, Scomber tapeinocephalus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1831 Chang, K.H. etc. 1970 Jeng, S.S. etc. 1972 Chang, K.H. etc. 1977 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Baker, E.A. etc. 1998 
Specimen List ASIZP0054370. ASIZP0054420. ASIZP0054524. ASIZP0058171. ASIZP0058966. ASIZP0059356. ASIZP0062757. ASIZP0065855. ASIZP0065867. ASIZP0075271. ASIZP0075655. ASIZP0075669. ASIZP0075812. ASIZP0075884. ASIZP0077074. ASIZP0077905. ASIZP0700052. ASIZP0801069. ASIZP0801070. ASIZP0806200. ASIZP0911069. ASIZP0911070. ASIZP0916200. FRIP20012. NMMBP02749. NMMBP08685. NMMSTP00458. NTMP0810. SIO66-465. SU49373.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Southern mackerel; Pacific mackerel; Slimy mackerel; Spotted chub mackerel; Spotted mackerel; Chub mackerel; Common mackerel; Blue mackerel; Japanese mackerel 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate and rounded. Snout pointed; front and hind margins of eye covered by an adipose eyelid; teeth in upper and lower jaws small and conical; palatine narrow, with teeth in single or double rows; when double, rows close and running into each other. First dorsal fin with XI to XII spines; the second with 11 to 12 rays followed by 5 finlets; anal fin with 11 or 12 rays followed by 5 finlets; pectoral fins with 20 to 21 rays. Swimbladder present. No well developed corselet but body covered with rather small scales. Back with narrow oblique lines which zigzag and undulate; the belly is pearly white and marked with thin, wavy broken lines.
habitats Occurs in coastal waters and also in oceanic waters. Schooling by size which may include jack mackerels and Pacific sardines. They are plankton feeders filtering copepods and other crustaceans, but adults also feed on small fish and squids. Also caught wi 
Distribution Western Pacific Ocean from China and Japan to Australia and New Zealand, east to the Hawaiian Islands but relatively rare in tropical waters. Eastern Pacific: Socorro and Revillagigedo islands, Mexico. It is very common in all Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried-salted, smoked, canned and frozen.