Scientific Name
Scomberomorus commerson  
Scomberomorus commerson康氏馬加鰆
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1800) Depth 10 - 70M
Chinese 康氏馬加鰆 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯖科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F475 Scombridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 康氏馬鮫 
Max Length 240 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 土魠、馬加、馬鮫、梭齒、頭魠、鰆、土托、康氏馬發、塗魠(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、Lagoon、
Holotype Locality no locality 
Synonyms Cibium commersonii, Cybium commersoni, Cybium commersonii, Cybium konam, Cybium multifasciatum, Scomber commerson, Scomber commersonii, Scomber maculosus, Scomberomorous commerson, Scomberomorus commercon, Scomberomorus commersoni, Scomberomorus commersonii, Scomerommorus commerson ...all 13..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001) 
Specimen List ASIZP0055772. ASIZP0062887. ASIZP0070134. ASIZP0072294. ASIZP0073251. ASIZP0073611. ASIZP0073612. ASIZP0078439. ASIZP0078440. ASIZP0078441. ASIZP0079005. ASIZP0079512. ASIZP0804159. ASIZP0805726. ASIZP0806160. ASIZP0806161. ASIZP0807240. ASIZP0807241. ASIZP0807242. ASIZP0914159. ASIZP0915726. ASIZP0916160. ASIZP0916161. ASIZP0917240. ASIZP0917241. ASIZP0917242. FRIP21682. MTP0185. NMMSTP00811. NTMP1112. NTUM02284.  
Barcode2012-10-25,柯慧玲,CO1,100% ,,CO1,100% ,,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Spaniard; Spanish mackerel; Seer; Snook; Striped seer; Doggie; Cybium; Barred mackerel; Barred Spanish mackerel; Commerson's mackerel; Narrowbarred mackerel; King seer; Katonkel barracuda kuda; Narrow-barred king mackerel; Kingfish; King mackerel; Narrow- 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, strongly compressed. Snout much shorter than rest of head; posterior part of maxilla exposed, reaching to a vertical from hind margin of eye; sharp, compressed, triangular teeth in upper and lower jaws; patches of fine teeth on palatines and vomer; no teeth on tongue. Gill rakers on first gill arch few: 0 to 2 on upper limb; 1 to 8 on lower limb; 1 to 8 total. First dorsal fin with XV to XVIII spines; second dorsal with 15 to 20 rays, followed by 8 to 10 finlets; anal fin with 16 to 21 rays followed by 8 to 9 finlets; pectoral fin rays 21 to 24. Lateral line abruptly bent downward below end of second dorsal fin. Body silvery grey marked with transverse vertical bars of a darker grey; bars narrow and slightly wavy, sometimes breaking up into spots ventrally; cheeks and lower jaw silvery white; first dorsal fin bright blue rapidly fading to blackish blue; pectoral fin light grey turning to blackish blue; caudal fin lobes, second dorsal, anal, and dorsal and anal finlets pale greyish white turning to dark grey. Juveniles have the anterior membranes of the first dorsal jet black contrasting with pure white posteriorly.
habitats Distributed from near edge of continental shelf to shallow coastal waters, often of low salinity and high turbidity. Also found in drop-offs, and shallow or gently sloping reef and lagoon waters. Known to undertake lengthy long-shore migrations, but perma 
Distribution Widespread throughout the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and South Africa to Southeast Asia, north to China and Japan and south to southeast Australia, and to Fiji. Immigrant to the eastern Mediterranean Sea by way of the Suez Canal. Southeast Atlantic: S 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried-salted, frozen, smoked, and canned; commonly made into fish balls.