Scientific Name
Scomberomorus niphonius  
Scomberomorus niphonius日本馬加鰆
by: ©FishBase
Author (Cuvier, 1832) Depth 5 - 50M
Chinese 日本馬加鰆 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯖科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F475 Scombridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 藍點馬鮫 
Max Length 100 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 正馬加、馬加箭、尖頭馬加、馬嘉、白北(臺東)、燕魚、藍點馬皎、馬加(澎湖)、馬鮫(澎湖)、馬鮫及正馬鮫(潮汕)、白腹馬鮫(潮汕) 
Distribution in World Japan to East China Sea   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Cybium gracile, Cybium niphonium, Sawara niphonia   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001) 
Specimen List ASIZP0062902. ASIZP0065506. ASIZP0066285. ASIZP0073631. ASIZP0073632. ASIZP0075311. ASIZP0800956. ASIZP0806251. ASIZP0806252. ASIZP0806981. ASIZP0910956. ASIZP0916251. ASIZP0916252. ASIZP0916981. NTMP1370.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100%
Common Name Spotted Spanish mackerel; Japanese Spanish mackerel; Japanese seerfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, strongly compressed. Snout much shorter than rest of head; posterior part of maxilla exposed, reaching to a vertical from hind margin of eye; sharp, compressed, triangular teeth in upper and lower jaws; patches of fine teeth on palatines and vomer; no teeth on tongue. Gill rakers on first gill arch few: 2 or 3 on upper limb; 9 to 12 on lower limb; 11 to 15 total. First dorsal fin with XIX to XXI spines; second dorsal with 15 to 19 rays, followed by 7 to 10 finlets; anal fin with 16 to 20 rays followed by 6 to 9 finlets; pectoral fin rays 21 to 23. The only species in the genus with a straight intestine. Lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Body with 7 or more rows of longitudinal spots on the sides; some spots connected together; spots more numerous and smaller, about pupil size; anterior quarter of first dorsal fin and a narrow distal margin of the rest of the dorsal fin black, most of basal membranes of posterior three quarters of fin white.
habitats Found near shore including semi-enclosed sea areas. Undergoes a spawning migration in spring and a feeding migration in fall in the Inland Sea of Japan. Feeds on small fishes. 
Distribution Confined to the subtropical and temperate waters of China, the Yellow Sea and Sea of Japan north to Vladivostok. It is mainly found in western and northern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh and especially tasty in winter. Eaten pan-fried, broiled and baked.