Scientific Name
Sillago sihama  
Sillago sihama多鱗沙鮻
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 0 - 60M
Chinese 多鱗沙鮻 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 沙鮻科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F354 Sillaginidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 多鱗鱚 
Max Length 31 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 沙腸仔、kiss 魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Luhaja, Red Sea 
Synonyms Atherina sihama, Platycephalus sihamus, Sciaena malabarica, Sillago acuta, Sillago erythraea, Sillago ihama, Sillago lutea, Sillago malabarica, Sillago sehama, Sillago vincenti   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Forsskål, P. 1775 Ueno, M etc. 1954 Palekar, V.C. etc. 1960 Kakuda, S. 1970 Lee, S.C. 李信徹 1976 Gunn, J.S. etc. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054574. ASIZP0056901. ASIZP0057551. ASIZP0058820. ASIZP0058885. ASIZP0061252. ASIZP0062812. ASIZP0062925. ASIZP0064844. ASIZP0068547. ASIZP0068705. ASIZP0068849. ASIZP0068857. ASIZP0068858. ASIZP0072990. ASIZP0072991. ASIZP0075402. ASIZP0075411. ASIZP0075414. ASIZP0075419. ASIZP0075424. ASIZP0075429. ASIZP0075440. ASIZP0075476. ASIZP0075484. ASIZP0075498. ASIZP0075533. ASIZP0075537. ASIZP0075544. ASIZP0075555. ASIZP0075632. ASIZP0075633. ASIZP0075657. ASIZP0075695. ASIZP0075728. ASIZP0075737. ASIZP0075790. ...List all 112 records... 
Barcode2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2016-07-15,Yung-Chieh,CO1,100%
Common Name Silver sillago 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate. Opercle with small sharp spine; lower part of preopercle horizontal. Snout long and conical. Mouth small, terminal; end of upper jaw sliding below preorbital bone. Teeth villiform, in broad bands; small teeth on roof of mouth restricted to anterior part of vomer, none on palatines. Two separate dorsal fins, first dorsal fin with XI spines; second dorsal fin with I spine and 20 to 23 soft rays; anal fin with II slender spines and 21 to 23 soft rays. Lateral line with 66 to 72 scales. Vertebrae 14 + 2-8 + 12-18 (total 34). Swim bladder with two anterior and two posterior extensions. The anterior extensions extend forward and diverge to terminate on each side of the basioccipital above the auditory capsule. Two lateral extensions commence anteriorly, each sending a blind tubule anterolaterally and then extending along the abdominal wall below the investing peritoneum to just posterior of the duct-like process. Two posterior tapering extensions of the swim bladder project into the caudal region, one usually longer than the other. Body light tan, silvery yellow-brown, sandy-brown, or honey coloured; paler brown to silvery white below; a midlateral, silvery, longitudinal band normally present; dorsal fins dusky terminally with or without rows of dark brown spots on the second dorsal-fin membrane; caudal fin dusky terminally; no dark blotch at base of pectoral fins; other fins hyaline.
habitats Common along beaches, sandbars, mangrove creeks and estuaries. Recorded from freshwater. Form schools. Adults bury themselves in the sand when disturbed. Feed mainly on polychaete worms, small prawns (Penaeus), shrimps and amphipods. Larvae and juv 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and Knysna, South Africa to Japan and south to Australia. Reported from New Caledonia. Mediterranean sea: Turkey. It is a common species in Taiwan except eastern part. 
Utility Marketed mostly fresh.