Scientific Name
Spratelloides gracilis  
Spratelloides gracilis日本銀帶鯡
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) Depth 10 - 50M
Chinese 日本銀帶鯡 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯡科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F097 Clupeidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 銀帶小體鯡 
Max Length 10.5 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 針嘴鰮、丁香魚、魩仔、丁香、鱙仔、灰海荷鰮、日本銀帶鯡 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Ocean、Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、
Holotype Locality Southeastern coasts of Nagasaki, Japan [Western North Pacific] 
Synonyms Clupea argyrotaeniata, Clupea gracilis, Spratelloides atrofasciatus, Stolephorus japonicus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 Leis, J.M. 1986 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List AMNH90096. ASIZP0062719. ASIZP0069658. ASIZP0069669. ASIZP0070889. ASIZP0070890. ASIZP0070892. ASIZP0070895. ASIZP0070906. ASIZP0072740. ASIZP0075130. ASIZP0078814. ASIZP0804200. ASIZP0804201. ASIZP0804202. ASIZP0804274. ASIZP0804275. ASIZP0805423. ASIZP0914200. ASIZP0914201. ASIZP0914202. ASIZP0915423. ASIZP0916869. BMNH1934.8.18.1-3. BPBMI23308. FRIP01053. FRIP01061. FRIP01062. FRIP03192. NMMBP01152. NTMP0879. NTUM00840. NTUM03109. SU49346.  
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100%
Common Name Silver-stripe round herring; Silverstriped round herring; Silver round herring; Silver sprat; Striped round herring; Banded blue sprat 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, cylindrical; abdomen rounded, without prepelvic or postpelvic scutes, but a W-shaped pelvic scute present. Lower gill rakers very variable. Branchiostegal rays 6 or mostly 7. With 42 to 48 scales in lateral series; vertical striae on scales not meeting at centre. A bright silver band along the entire flanks.
habitats Usually an inshore schooling species, inhabiting relatively clear waters of coastal, lagoon, and seaward reefs. 
Distribution Widely distributed in Indo-Pacific from Red Sea, east to Samoa and the Tuamoto Islands, north to Japan, south to southeastern and western Australia. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh or dried-salted. Used as bait in the tuna fishery.