Scientific Name
Terapon jarbua  
Terapon jarbua花身鯻
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 1 - 25M
Chinese 花身鯻 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯻科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F399 Terapontidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 細鱗鯻 
Max Length 36 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 花身雞魚、花身仔、斑吾、雞仔魚、三抓仔、花身鯻、邦五(澎湖)、斑午(澎湖)、兵舅仔(澎湖)、斑龜仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Coius trivittatus, Grammistes servus, Holocentrus jarbua, Holocentrus servus, Pterapon trivittatus, Sciaena jarbua, Stereolepis inoko, Terapon servus, Terapon timorensis, Therapon farna, Therapon jarboa, Therapon jarbua, Therapon servus ...all 13..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);楊鴻嘉圖鑑 (金)  Forsskål, P. 1775 Fukao, R. etc. 1984 朱元鼎 編 1985 楊鴻嘉, 楊誠國 1990 林科吉 1990 楊鴻嘉, 陳良德 1993 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 楊鴻嘉, 陳良德 1995 林永祥 1995 楊鴻嘉, 張寶仁 1996 簡良潭 1996 李啟禎 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054936. ASIZP0055817. ASIZP0058650. ASIZP0058899. ASIZP0058904. ASIZP0059012. ASIZP0059177. ASIZP0059230. ASIZP0059435. ASIZP0059483. ASIZP0059513. ASIZP0059744. ASIZP0059781. ASIZP0060594. ASIZP0061967. ASIZP0062414. ASIZP0062791. ASIZP0062961. ASIZP0064891. ASIZP0064914. ASIZP0064929. ASIZP0065490. ASIZP0065491. ASIZP0065492. ASIZP0065493. ASIZP0068805. ASIZP0068825. ASIZP0068977. ASIZP0069257. ASIZP0069269. ASIZP0070559. ASIZP0071265. ASIZP0071303. ASIZP0071340. ASIZP0071342. ASIZP0071352. ASIZP0071405. ...List all 129 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-06-13,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2011-06-13,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Thornfish; Three-striped tiger fish; Cresent grunter; Crescent perch; Crescent-banded grunter; Crescent-banded tiger-fish; Jarbua terapon 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body oblong moderately compressed laterally. Jaws equal, gape oblique; teeth conical, slightly recurved, in villiform bands, the outer row much enlarged; vomer and palatines with teeth in juveniles, often toothless in adults. Preopercle strongly serrate, particularly at angle; lower opercular spine very long and strong, extending distinctly beyond margin of opercular lobe. First gill arch with 6 to 8 rakers on upper limb, 12 to 15 on lower limb. Dorsal fin with XI or XII spines and 9 to 11 rays; anal fin with III spines and 7 to 10 soft rays; caudal fin emarginate. Pored scales in lateral line 75 to 100. Body color is fawn above, cream below, nape dark; head, body and fins with and iridescent sheen. Three or four curved dark brown bands run from the nape to the hind part of the body, the lowermost continuing across the middle of the caudal fin.
habitats Found over shallow sandy bottoms, in the vicinity of river mouths. Enter estuaries and rivers. Adults in loose aggregations. Juveniles common in sandy intertidal areas; often in tidal pools. Found in schools. Omnivorous, feeding on fishes, insects, algae, 
Distribution Widely distributed in Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to the Arafura Sea, Australia, and Lord Howe Island. Also in India. Widely around coral reefs in Taiwan. 
Utility Food fish; marketed fresh.