Scientific Name
Thryssa hamiltonii  
Thryssa hamiltonii漢氏稜鯷
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Gray, 1835 Depth 0 - 30M
Chinese 漢氏稜鯷 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯷科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F095 Engraulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 漢氏稜鯷 
Max Length 27 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 哈氏劍鰶、突鼻仔、含西 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、PonFu 
Habitats Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality India 
Synonyms Engraulis grayi, Engraulis nasuta, Engraulis nasutus, Scutengraulis hamiltoni, Scutengraulis hamiltonii, Stolephorus hamiltonii, Thrissa hamiltonii, Thrissocles grayi, Thrissocles hamiltonii, Thryssa hamiltoni, Thryssa mystax   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P., G. J. Nelson etc. 1988 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List AMNH38188. ASIZP0058346. ASIZP0059338. ASIZP0059847. ASIZP0062745. ASIZP0063672. ASIZP0064682. ASIZP0066395. ASIZP0066400. ASIZP0066454. ASIZP0070576. ASIZP0070841. ASIZP0080294. ASIZP0800472. ASIZP0801920. ASIZP0801921. ASIZP0801922. ASIZP0804827. ASIZP0807428. ASIZP0910472. ASIZP0911920. ASIZP0911921. ASIZP0911922. ASIZP0914827. ASIZP0917428. FRIP01012. NMMBP00002. NMMBP00003. NMMBP00004. NMMBP00039. NMMBP00501. NMMBP00502. NMMBP00951. NMMBP01202. NMMBP01203. NMMBP01239. NMMBP02636. ...List all 53 records... 
Common Name Hamilton's thryssa; Hamilton's anchovy 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body compressed, abdomen with 16 to 19 (rarely 15 or 20) prepelvic and 10 or 11 (rarely 9 or 12) postpelvic scutes; total number of scutes 26 to 31 (mostly 27 to 29). Tip of snout above level of eye center, usually about level of upper rim of eye. Maxilla short or moderate; first supra-maxilla small, oval. Teeth small or minute, not canine-like. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 12 to 14 (less often 11 or 15). Head with gold tints, especially on maxilla and opercle; body silvery white, olive-grey above, with A dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening; dorsal fin dusky yellow; anal fin white; pectoral and pelvic fins pale yellow; caudal fin yellow, its upper and lower borders charcoal.
habitats Presumably schooling, inshore and entering estuaries. Principle prey items may be prawns and copepods, supplemented by polychaetes and amphipods. 
Distribution Distributed in tropical and subtropical coastal waters of Indo-Pacific from Persian Gulf eastward to Myanmar, Andamans and Pinang; Taiwan south to Arafura Sea. It is common from the northwestern to southern parts Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, or made into fish meal, fish sauce, or fish balls.