Scientific Name
Thysanophrys chiltonae  
Thysanophrys chiltonae窄眶多棘牛尾魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Schultz, 1966 Depth 1 - 80M
Chinese 窄眶多棘牛尾魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牛尾魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F313 Platycephalidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 窄眶繸鯒 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 竹甲、狗祈仔、牛尾 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、South West、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Coral head near north end of Lagoon at Rongelap Island, Rongelap Atoll, Marshall Islands [western Pacific], depth 18 feet 
Synonyms Cociella chiltonae, Inegocia chiltonae, Platycephalus chiltonae, Thysanophrys chiltoni, Thysanophrys cluitouse   
Reference 1. 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Knapp, L. W. 1999. Family Platycephalidae. In: Carpenter and Niem (ed). Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. v. 4: iii-v; 2069-2790;3. Shao, K. T. and J. P. Chen, 1987. Fishes of the family Platycephalidae (Teleostei: Platycephaloidei) of Taiwan with descriptions of two new species. Bull. Inst. Zool. Acad. Sin. 26(1):77-94.   Schultz, L.P. etc. 1966 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056076. ASIZP0056078. ASIZP0056080. ASIZP0057029. ASIZP0057067. ASIZP0057068. ASIZP0058679. ASIZP0069380. ASIZP0070618. BPBMI23129. FRIP21350. NMMBP02466. NMMSTP00298. RUSI35718.  
Common Name Longsnout flathead; Flatheads 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with I-VII-VIII spines and 11-12 soft rays; anal 12 soft rays; pectoral fin with 20-21 soft rays; lateral line scales 53-55; gill rakers 1+5. Body and head mottled with dark brown and buff; fin rays with dark brown or black spots; dark brown saddle blotch on top of caudal peduncle. Least interorbital width going 3.8-7.2 times in diameter of eye. Base of lower opercular spine concealed by scales. Anterior 1-3, usually 3, lateral line scales bearing a small spine. Iris lappet bearing short branches with bifurcate tips.
habitats Inhabits sand areas adjacent to coral reefs. Seldom noticed for it buries itself in the sand (often partially). Usually in small groups. Feeds on crustaceans, crabs and prawns, also on fishes. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marquesan Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, south to northern Australia. 
Utility Not commercial food species.