Scientific Name
Ulua mentalis  
Ulua mentalis短絲羽鰓鰺
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1833) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 短絲羽鰓鰺 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰺科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F364 Carangidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 短絲羽鰓鰺 
Max Length 70 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 瓜仔、絲口鰺、甘仔魚(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Australia   Distribution in Taiwan East、South 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Caranx mandibularis, Caranx mentalis, Ulna mentalis, Ulua mandibularis, Ulua mandibulatis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Lin & Shao(1999)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1833 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Lin, P. L. etc. 1999 Hiroyuki Motomura, Seishi Kimura etc. 2007 
Specimen List ASIZP0056737. ASIZP0056852. ASIZP0057705. ASIZP0058892. FMNH55365Holotype. FRIP21381. FRIP22073. NMMBP02171. NMMBP06298. NMMSTP01031. NTUM04842.  
Common Name Cale-cale trevally; Heavyjawed kingfish; Longrakered trevally; Heavy-jawed kingfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. VIII, I+20-21; A. II, I+17-18; P. i+18-20; G.R. 25-26+55-57; CLS. 55-63; SLS. 3-6 scales, 28-36 scutes; vertebrate 10+14. Lower jaw much longer than upper in adults. Breast naked ventrally to behind pelvic fins; laterally, naked area of breast extends to naked base of peatoral fin (Fig. 1u). Lateral line becoming to below 10-12th ray of second dorsal fin. Middle rays of second fin do not extend to filament. Head and body blue-green dorsally, silvery below; diffuse dark blotch on upper margin of opercle in large specimens, faint or absent in young; adults with a dusky mark on cheek at angle of jaws; spinous dorsal and caudal fins dusky to black; second dorsal and anal fins pale green except leading edges and distal margins of fins dusky; cheeks, lower jaw, inside of mouth and tongue silver in small specimens; juveniles with 7 or 8 dark bands on body.
habitats Inhabits shallow coastal waters. Juveniles feed on benthic crustaceans, while adults feed on crustaceans and fish. 
Distribution Widely distributed in tropical waters of Indo-Pacific. It is occasionally found in the eastern and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Food fish; marketed fresh.